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81. 95.29 CUP from Chiusi PLATE XLIII, 81

Diameter 0.222. I and part of B, RM. 46 pl. 21, 2 and pl. 19, 2 (Technau). I, komast. A-B, youths and horses. About 485-480, by Onesimos (VA. p. 89 no. 8; Att. V.. p. 173 no. 15; ARV. p. 220 no. 6); already attributed to Onesimos, with a query, in Annual Report 1895 p. 20 no. 16.

I. An elderly man, naked, seems to be picking his way with great care through a wet or muddy place; in his left hand he holds a food-basket, as well as his stick, in his right a metal water-pot with two handles and a bail. His lips are parted. He has a snub nose, and a bald head, which is wreathed. The contours are in relief-lines. His right nipple is a small brown circle, but there seem to be no other brown inner markings either in this figure or in any of the youths on the exterior. Red for the wreath, the cord and tags of the basket, and the inscription in the field, ΗΟΠΑΙΣ ΚΑΛΟΣ. The inscription on the pot, ΗΟΠΑΙΣ, is in brown.

A pot of the same shape as that carried by our reveller appears on other vases of the period:

  • Brussels A 889, cup by Onesimos (ARV. p. 222 no. 60). Langlotz G.V. pl. 20, 30; CV. pl. 1, 3.
  • London E 71, cup by the Brygos Painter (ARV. p. 248 no. 25). AZ. 1870 pl. 39.
  • Leipsic T 530, cup by the Brygos Painter (ARV. p. 251 no. 85). Part, Jb. 26 p. 114.
  • Vienna, Univ., 502, cup by the Brygos Painter (ARV. p. 251 no. 92). Benndorf Gjölbaschi p. 113 fig. 117; CV. pl. 11, 1 and 3.
  • Brussels R 263, cup by the Brygos Painter (ARV. p. 252 no. 99). CV. pl. 1, 4.
  • Milan, Castello, cup by the Brygos Painter (late: ARV. p. 252 no. 110). Rev. arch. 1933, i, p. 155.
In three of these cups the pot is seen at the well, in one it is carried by a girl going to wash, in two it is in use at the symposion, as it will be in our vase. That it contains water is a fair inference. We may guess that our man has just left the well and is picking his steps through the soft wet ground beside it.

Outside, youths and horses. A: the horse rubs his muzzle, which may have been stung by a fly, against his right foreleg; he raises the leg, and at the same time his right hindleg. Meanwhile the naked boy in charge of him waits, looking back at the horse, letting the rope of the halter run loose, a spear or wand in his right hand. Beyond the horse is a tree; behind, another youth, wrapped in his himation, looking at the horse. A pair of spears leans against the wall. Above the horse's head, a hat, of skin, hangs on a peg. The hat, like one of those on a cup already described (ii p. 28), has two flaps at each side, in addition to the tail-piece protecting the neck. The peg, of a common type, is drawn in profile, as if it were clapped to the wall instead of projecting from it at right-angles: compare the peg on the Foundry Painter's cup (Pl. XI).

An Attic red-figured askos of type 2 (ARV. p. ix), in Reggio, from Medma, has on one side a horse brushing a fly off his face, on the other a horse tied to a ring: period of the Penthesilea Painter. Horse and youth in the same motive as on the Boston cup appear on the west side of the Parthenon frieze (slab 12: A. H. Smith pl. 69).

The dotted brand on the horse's rump is half-familiar: it reminds one of three popular brands, the koppa-mark, the caduceus-mark, and the mark that looks like the head of a caduceus without the shaft but may really be the head of a bull: but our brand is none of these, and I do not remember seeing it elsewhere.

The mouth of the boy with the horse is damaged, and the right heel of the other boy, with the neighbouring part of the himation.

B: in the middle, a youth, who has tied his cloak round his waist, is adjusting the halter of a horse which sinks its head against its breast and raises both right legs. The end of the tail is cut off by the handle, or is thought of as being beneath the handle. Behind, a pair of spears. Another horse stands behind the youth, tied to a peg. Head and middle of the horse are missing as well as part of the tail; the face of the youth is damaged. A hat, probably of skin, hangs on the peg.

The contours are in relief-lines. A brown line indicates the sterno-mastoid, but there are no other brown markings in the human figure, or none remain. In the right-hand horse on B, the feather-mark near the groin is in brown; in the horse on A, the marks near the elbow and the brand on the hindquarters. The fillets worn by the youths on B, the halters, and the leaves are in red.

The cup is of type B.

D. A. Amyx, Hesperia 27 (1958), pp. 187 (notes 6-7), 188, pl. 47b; Sparkes & Talcott 1958, fig. 27; Anderson 1961, pls. 23b, 24; Ginouvès 1962, p. 72, note 9; ARV2, p. 324, no. 65; G. von Lücken, Die Griechische Vase (Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der Universität Rostock 16, 1967), pp. 486, 489, 675 (pl. 54, 1), 677 (pl. 56, 6); E. Vermeule, AJA 71 (1967), p. 311; C. Rolley, RA 1972, pp. 152, 154, 156, 160, fig. 14; J. Boardman, AntK 19 (1976), p. 7, note 19; Dover 1978, pp. 127, 216, no. R456, illus.; D. Williams, JHS 101 (1981), p. 212; Beazley Addenda 1, p. 107; A. Papaioannou, ArchEph 1984, p. 209, no. 3; I. Scheibler, JdI 102 (1987), p. 61, note 19; M. Meyer, JdI 103 (1988), pp. 98-99, note 65; Padgett 1989, p. 38; Beazley Addenda 2, p. 215; Lissarrague 1990b, pp. 138 (note 51, no. 1), 301 (no. C18); Buitron 1991, p. 43 (J. M. Hurwit); D. Williams, in ibid., p. 299, note 26.

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