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87. 00.341 LEKYTHOS from Gela PLATE XLVI, 87

Height 0.337. Eros. About 470-460 B.C., by the Providence Painter (VA. p. 76 and p. 79 no. 39; Att. V. p. 135 no. 49; ARV. p. 435 no. 75). On the right, ΚΑΛΟΣ downwards.

Eros plays the flute as he flies. A short cloak hangs over left shoulder and right arm. The figure is contoured with relief-lines. The head-fillet is in red. The lekythos belongs to the same period as the three lekythoi by the same painter from Thebes (nos. 88-90), but is decorated on a different, the 'Nolan', principle: there is no pattern-band at the top of the body, and no palmettes on the shoulder, only the usual egg-pattern. This severer form of decoration is used, side by side with the other, on the red-figured lekythoi of the late archaic and early classic periods. If the subject is a winged figure — Eros or Nike — as it often is, the wings are usually carried over on to the shoulder of the vase as here: so, for example, among the Boston vases, on the Eros lekythoi by the Brygos Painter (Pl. IX, 21, and title-page) and the Pan Painter (Pl. LI, 2).

Some additions may be made to the list of vases by the Providence Painter given in ARV. pp. 431-6, 960, and 968: a lekythos which belonged to the Earl of Moray, then to Marshall Brooks, and is now in the collection of the Conde de Lagunillas, Havana, Cuba (a youth with spears, sword at side, pursuing a woman; restored), another in the collection of William Randolph Hearst at San Simeon, California (San Simeon 9893: a woman fleeing), another in the New York market (Hirsch: Nike moving to right with a phiale and an oinochoe, a fourth in the Otago Museum, Dunedin (ex A. B. Cook: a woman fleeing), a Nolan amphora in the New York market (Hirsch: A, man and woman; B, man: on A, the woman sits, holding a wreath, at a wool-basket, and the man leans on his stick: attributed by Dietrich von Bothmer), a fragmentary hydria in Mykonos (two persons, dressed in long chiton and himation, one of them holding a sceptre — god, and goddess or woman? — standing at an altar), a cup, from Cervetri, in the Villa Giulia (I, trainer, holding rod and markers). The Nolan amphora mentioned in ARV. p. 968 was shattered by enemy action: good part of it is now in Reading. The Nolan amphora Baltimore, Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore, Walters Art Gallery 48.54, described as in the manner of the painter in ARV. p. 436 no. 4, is doubtless by the painter himself. The skyphos no. 86 was formerly in Pollak's possession; earlier, in the Barberini collection (Passeri pl. 82). No. 28 is now published in CV. Munich pl. 53, 1-2, and pl. 56, 1-2; no. 33, ibid. pl. 53, 3-4 and pl. 56, 3-4; no. 81, ibid. pl. 84, 2-3, pl. 86, 2-3, pl. 92, 2; no. 57 (New York 41.162.18) in CV. (Gallatin pl. 58, 4 and pl. 61, 3 and in Bull. Metr. 37 p. 56. Of the Nolan amphorae in his manner (ARV. p. 436), no. 1 is published in CV. Gallatin pl. 53, 2, no. 3 in CV. Munich pl. 54 (according to Lullies the Erlangen fragment does not belong).

ARV2, p. 641, no. 97; LIMC, III, 1, p. 908, no. 663, III, 2, pl. 647, illus. (H. Cassimatis); Beazley Addenda 2, p. 274.

Exhibited: Utah Museum of Fine Arts, 1988-1991 (Padgett 1988, pp. 36-37, no. 16, 2 illus.); Memphis Brooks Museum of Art, 1991-.

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