subjects, it has seemed worth while to give on Plate XIV full-size photographs of the kylix in its present state. Interior: A youth, Phanas, seated on a rock in profile to right, with head bowed, right hand resting on knee, left hand raised and holding two spears. His bearded companion, Empedion, stands looking down at him. He also holds a pair of spears in his right hand; his left hand, covered by his cloak, rests on his hip. His sword hangs at his side, while that of Phanas with a red cross-belt is suspended in the field. Both are garbed in petasos, chlamys, and boots. The hat of Phanas hangs behind his neck, that of Empedion is held in place on the top of his head by a red cord. Empedion's chlamys is fastened in front by a round brooch. The boots of Phanas reach to the calf of his leg, and their upper parts are bound with cords, the ends of which, painted red, project in front of his ankles. Empedion evidently had similar boots, for a bit of cord is visible in front of his leg just above the break.1 The names ΦΑΝΑΣ and ΕΜΠΕΔΙΟΝ are inscribed above the figures. Both names are known, but not in connexion with any myth.2 The resemblance of the group to that on the interior of the Telephos cup in Boston from the workshop of Hieron representing Telephos as a suppliant before Teuthras has been pointed out by Pollak.3 But he is probably right in interpreting our picture as a genre scene: the two men are resting during a journey; the pose of Phanas expresses fatigue, but not necessarily emotional stress.4 Exterior: The walls of Troy, represented by three gates surmounted by a line of battlements running continuously round the cup just below the rim. On side A Hector rushes to left, pursued by Achilles. To right and left of this group, an open gate with an archer standing on guard in it. Hector, [ΗΕΚ]ΤΟΡ, is bearded, and wears a short chiton, a bronze cuirass with anatomical markings drawn on it, an Attic crested helmet with cheek-pieces raised, and greaves. He turns his head as he runs, and aims his spear at Achilles, holding out his shield on his left arm. His face is in three-quarter view with the mouth wide open. Achilles, ΑΧΙΛΛΕΥ[Σ], similarly equipped (so far as can be seen), with the addition of a sword hanging at his left side, advances his shield and holds his spear in his right hand. A bit of his profile is preserved, showing that he was bearded. It is noteworthy that his right foot is in perspective with the sole visible. Both shields are drawn in perspective, that of Achilles having a black boar as a device. In the spaces of the battlements above the shields, the inscription [Ι]Λ[Ι]ΟΝ. The gate-posts are reserved. Against their inner faces the ends of the door-valves are shown in black. Each valve has three cross-pieces (the topmost missing) fastened upon it with large nails, two rows of nails for each cross-piece. The cross-pieces are in outline, the nail-heads in black. Against the reserved ground of each gateway, an archer in the black-figured technique. The one guarding the left-hand gate stands in front view, holding his bow in his left hand. He wears a long-sleeved tunic, tight-fitting trousers, and red shoes; his quiver hangs in front of his body. The folds of the chiton, the seam and hem of the sleeve, and a pattern of squares on the trousers are rendered by finely incised lines. Each square on the trousers has a red dot in its centre. The less well preserved figure in the right-hand doorway also holds his bow in his left hand, and is similarly attired, but without red shoes. The incised pattern on his sleeves and trousers is also different: circles to left of the seam, rows of wavy lines to right. The centre of side B is occupied by a gate with a wider opening and background painted black. The details of the door-valves are like those on A, but with the colours reversed. On the ground in the centre of the opening, an object shaped like the echinus of a Doric capital upside down. This, as Pollak suggests, is a stone against which the
This text is part of:
Table of Contents:
1 The leg coverings resemble those worn above his sandals by Zeus on side B of the Brygan kantharos, no. 17, Pl. VI (Boston 95.36). But Phanas' right foot is not sandalled; the alternatives are high boots or shoes with gaiters or puttees.
2 A Phanas is mentioned by Pausanias (Paus. 4.17.9). Empedion occurs in two inscriptions cited by Pape, C.I.G., i, nos. 233, 289, and in Diodorus Siculus, 13, 59 (Diod. Sic. 13.59). Cf. Pollak, op. cit., p. 23, note 1.
3 Boston 98.931. Pollak, op. cit., Pls. 1-3. Hoppin, ii, p. 48, no. 7. Beazley, V.A., p. 108, no. 2; Att. V., p. 225, no. 2.
4 Beazley compares the quiet picture inside the Ilioupersis cup by the Brygos painter in the Louvre, Louvre G 152, F.R. i, Pl. 25, and the seated Peirithoos on the interior of the Xenotimos cup in Boston, Boston 99.539, Antike Denkmäler, i, Pl. 59, 1; Hoppin, ii, p. 477.