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art styles

The chronology of ancient art works is often determined according to the style (or distinctive manner of expression) that characterizes the art work. The names given to the period and style of an art work might then be identical, particularly in the case of original art work. The style of an art work does not necessarily correspond to the period in which it was made: in the case of a copy, whereas the period refers to the time when the copy was made, the style refers to the style of the original art work that the copyist followed. Some other terms for styles that may not be specific to a period follow:


a style that intentionally evokes an older or "antique" style; in Greek art this generally constitutes artists of a later period creating works with stylistic tendencies that characterized the Archaic period.


a name (erroneously) given to the style of figural sculpture found in Crete and the Peloponnese in the early Archaic period (7th c. B.C.), characterized by flat, triangular faces, flat-topped heads, and wig-like hair.


the combination of styles from diverse chronological and geographical roots.


a style heavily influenced by motifs and styles known from the Near East, probably transmitted through the trade of luxury items from Assyria. In sculpture it is perceptible in late Geometric art, but generally pertains to Greek art of the 7th c. B.C.

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