A krater likened to a giant kotyle, or cup. Shape: This vase type is usually set on a high flaring pedestal, and covered with a knobbed conical lid. History: The kotyle krater, also known as a skyphos krater, is an Attic invention. It appears from the middle to the second half of the seventh century B.C. A remarkable number have been found at the site of Vari. Term: Named in modern times for its likeness to a giant kotyle or cup.