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19.
Athens and Chios
IG II2 34 Athens, EM 6907a 384/83 Plate 10

Five fragments: a + b + c + d (together EM 6907), from Akropolis, e (EM 6907a), provenance unknown. Left edge of relief, right edge of inscription preserved; left edge of relief has narrow anta. Surface very worn, corroded, with iron stains all over. White, medium-grained marble. p.h. 0.50, p.h. of relief 0.34, p.w. 0.22, th. 0.14, relief h. 0.005, h. of letters 0.010.

Chios had been one of the wealthiest members of the Delian League, and in this document, securely dated to the first prytany of the archonship of [Diei]t[r]ephes, 384/83 (lines 1-3), it again enters into alliance with Athens. The stele was to have been set up on the Akropolis by the agalma (lines 20-22), which is usually taken to be the Athena Promachos (cf. no. 84).

On the left side of the relief is a frontal female figure, preserved from the shoulders down. She wears a chiton or peplos with a himation over it and stands with her weight on her left leg, her right leg drawn aside. Her very worn right hand is apparently held at her breast; her left hand, enveloped in drapery, disappears behind her hip. In pose and dress she resembles the unidentified figure in no. 140. At the broken right edge of the fragment is part of the foot of another figure.

The resemblance of the female figure to the figure in no. 140 and the presence of the foot at the break prompted Walter to suggest that this fragment joins no. 131, the right half of a relief in the British Museum depicting Athena crowning a smaller male figure whose left foot is not preserved at the broken left edge. However, the British Museum relief, if it has not been cut at the back, is not as thick as the Chios relief, and it apparently had a moulding beneath and wider antae at the sides. The composition resulting from the association of the two fragments would be more appropriate to an honorary decree for a single individual than for an alliance with Chios.

The relief is very worn, but the peculiar position of the figure's arms, her shifting weight, and the slight torsion in her upper body are early indications of the freer movement and complex poses that appear more frequently in the second quarter of the century (cf. no. 24).

S. A. Koumanoudes, Athenaion 5 (1876/77) 520-21 no. 4; IG II 15; U. Köhler, AM 2 (1877) 138-42; IG II.5 15c; A. Wilhelm, CGA (1903) 782; IG II2 35; SIG3 142; O. Walter, ÖJhBeibl 18 (1915) 91 Beschreibung, 12-13; Binneboeßel, 9 no. 31, 20, 22, 51 Süsserott, 46-48, 50-51, 75, 109, 140, pl. 3.1; Tod II, 50-52 no. 118; Dohrn, 78; Bengtson, 196-98 no. 248; SEG 21.225; Hiller, 27, 66; SEG 31.61; Meyer, 278 A 43, pl. 14.2.

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