previous next


21.
Athens honours Alketas of Syracuse
IG II2 101 Athens, AM 1349 373/72 Plate 11

Two joining fragments from Akropolis. Broken along right edge and bottom. Relief crowned by plain pediment with badly damaged akroteria. Horizontal sima of pediment inscribed with name of archon; remainder of heading inscribed in three lines on upper part of relief. Narrow, rounded band separates relief from crown carved immediately below. Surface somewhat worn, with vertical cracks. White, medium-grained marble. p.h. 0.1, p.w. 0.335, th. 0.08, relief h. very low, h. of letters 0.011.

The document is an honorary decree for Alketas, son of Leptines of Syracuse, undoubtedly the same Leptines who was honoured along with his brother Dionysios in no. 16. Foucart suggested that his son was named after Alketas I, king of the Molossians, who was an exile in Syracuse (Diod. 15.13), but it is more likely, as Kirchner following Dittmar believed, that this Alketas is the Molossian king himself, who in exile had been adopted by Leptines. The date of the inscription, set at 373/72 by its eponymous archon Asteios (line 1), also points to the Molossian Alketas, for early in 373 Alketas, who apparently by this time had joined the Second Athenian League (IG II2 43, line B 13), assisted an Athenian force sent to Korkyra (Xen. Hell. 6.2.10), and that winter he went on to Athens to support the general Timotheus at his trial (Dem. 49.22).

The arrangement of the text, with three lines of the heading inscribed on the relief, is unusual. In the centre of the relief, facing left, is a large horse standing quietly on the narrow band representing the ground line. Below the band is the upper part of a fragmentary olive crown. Walter believed that the horse, depicted in such close association with the crown, was a reference to an equestrian victory of Alketas rather than a symbol of Syracuse or Epiros. The reliefs of the decree honouring the Molossian Alketas' son Arybbas (no. 122) apparently also refer to equestrian victories.

P. Foucart, BCH 12 (1888) 177-79 no. viii; A. M. Dittmar, De Atheniensium more exteros coronis publice ornandi quaestiones epigraphicae (1890) 196; IG II.5 50b; P. Perdrizet, BCH 20 (1896) 550-51 no. 1. fig. 1 (drwg.); SIG3154; Casson, 255-56 no. 1349; Binneboeßel, 10 no. 35, 80; O. Walter, ÖJh 32 (1940) 8-9. fig. 3; Epitumbion Christou Tsounta (1941) 410, 412 n. 22; Tod II, 217-18; Frel, Les sculpteurs anonymes, 32 no. 183, pl. 16 Guarducci, 597-98, fig. 189; Frel and B. M. Kingsley, GRBS 11 (1970) 202 no. 13; T. Ritti, MemLinc 14 (1969/70) 265-66 no. 2, pl. 1 fig. 2; Brouskari, 172 no. 1349, fig. 370; Meyer, 2 80 A 52.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: