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29.
Athens honours Sochares of Apollonia
IG II2 130 +
SEG
19.49 Palermo, Museo Nazionale NI 1549 + Athens, EM 5415 355/54 Plate 15

Two fragments: EM 5415, with slight trace of relief, provenance unknown, + Palermo NI 1 549, found in Ilissos area and taken to Palermo with collection of English consul Robert Faghan. NI 1549: Preserves right edge, top. Relief bordered by antae supporting entablature with antefixes, below by taenia inscribed with first line of heading and ovolo. Surface worn, battered. White marble. p.h. 0.76, p.h. of relief 0.36, p.w. 0.44, th. 0.07, h. of letters 0.007. Not examined. EM 5415: Preserves part of left edge. Surface very worn. White, medium-grained marble. p.h. 0.08, p.h. of relief 0.015, p.w. 0.147, p.th. 0.04.

The decree honours the proxenos Sochares, son of Chares of Pontic Apollonia, for his assistance in the battle for Methone, which fell to Philip in the summer of 354 (Diod. 16.31.6; 34.4-5). The decree is securely dated to the fifth prytany of the archonship of [Kalli]stratos, 355/54 (lines 2-4). Sochares himself was to pay for the stele, which, like the decree for Philiskos of Sestos of the same year (no. 30), was to have been set up within ten days, apparently on the Akropolis (lines 15-19).

Apollo, the patron deity of Sochares' Apollonia, is seated on an omphalos at the far right, with a female figure, probably his mother Leto, beside and slightly behind him on the left. Leto's right hand is raised to her shoulder as though holding or adjusting her mantle (cf. the similarly posed figure with Artemis in the Villa Albani metope, Ridgway, fig. 11); her left hand rests on her hip. Athena, who wears a peplos, aegis with gorgoneion, and helmet, turns away from them toward the left. She extends her right hand, perhaps holding a crown, toward the broken left side of the relief where Sochares must have once stood; the foot of another figure is preserved beside the anta of the fragment in Athens.

Although Athena still has a curved fold running along the contour of her bent left leg, her drapery otherwise falls in straight, heavy folds. Leto's himation is bunched around her waist in a manner resembling the drapery of the standing figure in the decree of 347/46 honouring the Bosporan kings (no. 35).

E. Dodwell, A Classical and Topographical Tour through Greece 1 (1819) 470, 471 (drwg.); CIG6 90; Müller and Schöll, 73-74, 76; A. Salinas, Del Real Museo di Palermo (1873) 11; IG II 70; A. Dumont, BCH 2 (1878) 567 n. 5, 569 n. 1; EA 2 (1895) 52 no. 560; IG II.5 70; Matz, 57; Diepolder, 40-43, fig. 10; Binneboeßel, 11 no. 41, 20-22, 32, 36, 56, 58-59; H. Speier, RM 47 (1932) 58-60, 92, pl. 21.4; V. Müller, ArtB 20 (1938) 367, 377, fig. 11; Süsserott, 390.43, 54-59, 63 n. 117, 79, 81 n. 173, 115-17, 152-53, 155, 199 n. 12, 201, pl. 4.2; O. Walter, Serta Hoffilleriana 18-21 (1937-40) 101-3; S. Dow, CP 52 (1957) 106-7; Lambrechts, pl. 8; SEG 19.49; Picard IV.2, 1256 n. 2; Pečírka, Enktesis, 35-36, pls. 6, 7; Schefold, Classical Greece, 187, 249 no. 51, app. pl. 51; SEG 22.88; SEG 24.85; Schmaltz, 37, 38, 48, 49; Brown, 26, fig. 80; M. Manni Piraino, Iscrizioni Creche Palermo (1973) 167-69 no. 128, pls. LXXVI, LXXVII; Zagdoun, FdD IV.6, 51, 60 n. 8; Palagia, Euphranor, 17, 45; SEG 32.66; LIMC II, 299 no. 970, s.v. Apollon (O. Palagia); Meyer, 285 A 69, pl. 22.2.

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