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41.
Athens honours Archippos
IG II2 336 Athens, EM 7237 333/32 Plate 21

Two fragments: a (EM 7237), composed of four smaller fragments, found in 1836 between Propylaia and Parthenon, b (EM 7237a) found north of Parthenon in 1838. Left edge preserved, back rough-picked. Relief separated from inscription by 0.05 wide moulding, profile destroyed, probably originally inscribed with missing first two lines of heading. Parts of surface well-preserved, parts corroded, with accretions. White, medium-grained marble. p.h. 0.45, p.h. of relief 0.05, p.w. 0.265, th. 0.135 (relief), 0.13 (inscription), relief h. 0.04, h. of letters 0.006.

The stele carried three decrees, all dealing with Archippos, probably the son of the Thasian Archippos honoured in no. 86. His citizenship is reaffirmed in the first two decrees; the third appears to restrict his choice of phratry. The detailed deliberations concerning the mechanics of Archippos' citizenship suggest that he actually intended to claim it; Osborne suggested that he moved to Athens when his pro-Athenian views became unpopular in Thasos. The first decree is dated by its secretary to the archonship of Ktesikles, 334/33 (line 1). Fragment b begins with the end of another decree that includes the provisions for its publication. Line 6 of fragment b begins a third decree with an abbreviated dating formula; the preceding decree would have had the complete one. The dating formula of 334/33 does not fit the third decree. Dow convincingly restored the secretary of 333/32 for the third and therefore also for the second decree. All three decrees, carved by the same mason, must have been inscribed together in 333/32. Osborne estimates that the stele was a very large one, similar in size to the stele honouring Herodoros (no. 59).

Only the bottom left half of the relief is preserved, depicting the feet of two figures who in their types and relationship to each other resemble representations of Zeus and Hera in other document reliefs (nos. 5, 24, 96). The standing Hera on the left turns toward the seated Zeus on the right, whose feet rest on a low stool. Their placement in the relief is awkward, with Zeus turning his back on the figure or figures who must have been on the right side of the relief, but it is probably dictated here, as elsewhere in document reliefs, by an apparent desire to emphasize the relationship between Zeus and Hera (cf. nos. 24, 96). The awkwardness may have been mitigated by the presence of Athena, perhaps bestowing the 1000-drachmai gold wreath awarded in the first decree; the restoration of the text indicates that the preserved relief fragment accounts for only about half the width of the stele. The pair would be appropriate patron deities if, as seems very likely, the Archippos in question was from Thasos. There was a sanctuary of Zeus Agoraios in Thasos, and the reliefs of Zeus and Hera on the city's gates must have been well-known (Pouilloux, Cultes de Thasos I, 227, 230-32; C. Picard, Études thasiennes VIII [Les murailles I: les portes sculptées à images divines] [1962] 150-76, pl. XLII; P. Bernard, BCH 89 [1965] 64-89).

The arrangement of the drapery, with its contrast of regular, rounded folds over Hera's weight leg and clinging drapery over her free leg, recalls that of late fifth-century peplophoroi, but the material is stiff and heavy.

K. S. Pittakys, ArchEph (1837) 64-65 no. 27, fig. 27 (drwg.); ArchEph (1839) 206 no. 211; ArchEph (1853) 1074-75 no. 2019; Rangabé II, 98-99 no. 426, 100-1 no. 427; IG II 230; IG II2 336, Add. p. 659; Binneboeßel, 16 no. 70, 20; Svoronos, 667 no. 442 (3), pl. 217.3; Pouilloux, Cultes de Thasos I, 197, 433, pl. 47.2, 3; S. Dow, Hesperia 32 (1963) 341-42; B. D. Meritt, Hesperia 32 (1963) 434-35; SEG 21. 273, 278; Osborne, Naturalization, D 17, D 23; SEG 31.271; Schwenk, 159-72 no. 31; SEG 32.82; SEG 33.87; SEG 35.239; Meyer, 294 A 101; SEG 36.153.

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