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42.
Athens honours a Chian
IG II2 339a Athens, EM 7160 333/32 Plate 22

Found in Akropolis sanctuary of Brauronian Artemis in 1840. Broken all around, back rough-picked. Taenia below relief, 0.04 wide, has first line of inscription. Surface worn, corroded. White, medium-grained marble. p.h. 0.26, p.h. of relief 0.11, p.w. 0.15, th. 0.115 (relief), 0.11 (inscription), relief h. very low, h. of letters 0.12 (line 1), 0.007 (lines 2ff.).

The document is a very fragmentary proxeny decree; the relief indicates that it is for a Chian. (IG II2 339b, a decree in honour of Lykos of Pydna long associated with it, does not belong.) The decree is securely dated to the second prytany of the archonship of [Ni]kokrates, 333/32 (lines 2-4).

The fragmentary relief depicts a sphinx and a Chian amphora, symbols associated with the island's famous wine, found on the coins, weights, and amphora stamps of Chios. (For Chian amphora stamps: V. R. Grace, Hesperia 3 [1934] 296-97, pl. 1, fig. 1; coins: J. Mavrogordato, NC 16 [1916] 281-95, pl. 10; weights: F. Studniczka, AM 13 [1888] fig. on p. 186.) The sphinx, of which only the head and chest are preserved, turns in profile view toward the pointed amphora. Several other foreign documents concerning Chios also carry these well-known symbols: Zagdoun, FdD IV.6, 69-74 no. 20, fig. 53; L. Robert, Fouilles de Claros (1954) 2I IG XI.4 599.

K. S. Pittakys, ArchEph (1840) 365 no. 464, fig. 464 (drwg.); P. Perdrizet, BCH 20 (1896) 549-62; Wilhelm, AU 1 (1911) 48-49, pl. 5; Binneboeßel, 13-14 no. 59, 20, 80, 81; W. K. Pritchett and O. Neugebauer, Calendars of Athens (1947) 47-48; D. Lewis, BSA 50 (1955) 27; Lambrechts, pl. 12; SEG 16.54; SEG 21.277; T. Ritti, MemLinc 14 (1969/70) 267 no. 4, pl. II fig. 1; Schwenk, 151-57 no. 29; Zagdoun, FdD IV.6, 69-74, fig. 54; SEG 26.75; SEG 35.239; Meyer, 294 A 100.

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