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43.
The deme Eitea honours Hippokles Demokleous
SEG
28.102 Athens, EM 13461 332/31 Plate 22

Three joining fragments found in October 1961 at southern end of Attic village of Grammatiko. Top, both edges preserved, back rough-picked. Stele terminates above in plain palmette-shaped crown. Below it, recessed relief panel, upper corners rounded, with plain flat border on top and sides. Inscribed on border above relief: ΘΕΟΙ Surface worn, corroded. Deep horizontal cut, perhaps ancient attempt to separate relief and inscription, extends width of stele just below relief (cf. no. 38). Grey-white, medium-grained marble. p.h. 0.67, h. of relief panel 0.178, h. of palmette 0.195, w. of relief panel 0.17, w. of stele 0.265 (top), 0.275 (bottom), th. 0.047, relief h. very low, h. of letters 0.005-0.006.

The decree of the deme Eitea honours Hippokles Demokleous for his services to the deme; he is awarded a 500-drachmai gold wreath. Whether the deme is Eitea of Akamantis or of Antiochis is not specified. Kaloyeropoulou suggested that Hippokles was the father of Samakion Hippokleous Eiteaiou, whose grave stele was found in the Kerameikos (IG II2 6007: A. Conze, Die attischen Grabreliefs III.1 (1906), no. 1430, pl. 295). The inscription is dated by reference to the treasurer of the deme as an officer serving in the archonship of Ni[ketes], 332/31 (lines 16-18). The treasurer was to have published it at the deme's expense, and it was to have been set up in the sanctuary of Basile (lines 15-20).

The relief depicts the small, bearded figure of Hippokles being crowned by a larger female figure who must be Basile, since the stele was to have been erected in her sanctuary. Hippokles stands opposite her on the left and raises his right hand in a gesture of adoration. Basile is about to place the crown on his head with her right hand. She wears a belted chiton and himation; her hair is pulled back in a short, high top knot.

There is little evidence for the character of Basile, often confused with Basileia. (For her cult in Athens and elsewhere in Attica, see no. 4 and Shapiro, ZPE.) Her role in the inscription and relief from Grammatiko suggests that hers was the major cult in the deme of Eitea at this time.

Kaloyeropoulou noted that the palmette was normally used as a terminus of grave stelai rather than official documents and that the stone was probably originally intended for funerary use. The figures appear hastily cut, superficially resembling the types and style of the relief of the Athenian anti-tyranny decree (no. 38).

A. Kaloyeropoulou, ArchDelt 25 A (1970) 204-14, pls. 70, 71; E. Vanderpool, ArchDelt 25 A (1970) 215-16; P. J. Bicknell, Historia 27 (1978) 369-74; Schwenk, 205-212 no. 42; H. A. Shapiro, ZPE 63 (1986) 134-36; SEG 35.239; Meyer, 295 A 104.

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