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132.
Honorary decree
IG II2 406 Athens, NM 2985 3rd q. 4th c. Plate 70

Found in 1840 excavations at south wing of Propylaia. Top, both edges of relief, part of right edge of inscription preserved, back rough-picked. Relief bordered by tapering 0.05-0.055 wide antac supporting 0.06 high entablature, below by taenia and ovolo, together 0.065 wide. Surface very worn, flaked, cracked, with brown iron stains. White, medium-grained marble. p.h. 0.60, w. 0.54, th. 0.23, relief h. 0.05, h. of letters 0.0.5.

The very fragmentary inscription is an honorary decree, apparently for a man from Kroton. On the right stands an Athena of the Parthenos type, turned slightly toward the left (cf. nos. 16, 30, 65, 106, 164). In her extended right hand she holds a small, frontal Nike, with wings extended and right hand raised. Athena's left hand rests on the rim of her shield. On the ground beneath her extended arm is a large, coiled snake. Opposite her on the left is a bearded figure of the same scale who leans on a staff held crutch-like under his arm. His right hand rests on his hip. His large scale indicates that he is not the mortal honorand, but either Demos, whose type he resembles and who is also shown leaning on a staff in other document reliefs (cf. nos. 117, 150), or more probably Asklepios, an appropriate representative for Kroton, a city famous for its doctors (Hdt. 3.13 I; cf. Svoronos, pls. 35 (NM 1345), 38 (NM 1334), votive reliefs with similar figures of Asklepios); the snake is an attribute of Asklepios as well as of Athena.

The contrast between Athena's hidden weight leg and her nearly profile free leg is common in the mid-fourth century (cf. nos. 28, 29), but her high waistline is more characteristic of figures of the third quarter of the century (cf. nos. 36, 40, 46).

K. S. Pittakys, ArchEph (1840) 318-19 no. 382, fig. 382 (drwg.); Rangabé I, 318 no. 6; Müller and Schöll, 60-61 no. 36, 75, Atlas, pl. III.5; P. Pervanoglu, AZ 18 (1860) 24-25 no. 7; O. Jahn, Aus der Altertumswissenschaft (1868) 214-15, pl. 1.4 (drwg.); Schöne, 34 no. 62, pl. 12 (drwg.); IG II 199; A. Dumont, BCH 2 (1878) 568 n. 3; Le Bas, pl. 39 (drwg.); Sybel, 433 no. 7012; Friederichs and Wolters, 388 no. 1172; Farnell I, 351; E. Reisch, ÖJh I (1898) 88; Binneboeßel, 14 no. 63, 20, 49, 58-59, 69, 70, 73; Svoronos, 661-62 no. 421, pl. 197.1; O. Walter, ÖJh 30 (1937) 5 n. 16; Süsserott, 85-86, 199 n. 11, pl. 5.4; T. B. L. Webster, JHS 71 (1951) 227 n. 37; Hamdorf, 94 no. 254 (l); B. Holtzmann, BCH 96 (1972) 74 n. I; Palagia, Euphranor, 22 n. 113, 62; LIMC III, 379 no. 45, pl. 274, s.v. Demos (O. Alexandri-Tzachou); Meyer, 296-97 A 109, pl. 32.1; LIMC VI, 871 no. 235, s.v. Nike (A. Goulaki-Voutira).

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