Catalogue of liturgists (?) IG II2 417 (?)
Athens, NM 2958 last q. 4th c. Plate 5
Two (?) non-joining fragments: NM 2958
(with relief), from
Akropolis, EM 7166
(IG II2 417
), found in 1839 west of
Parthenon. Part of top, right edge of relief preserved, otherwise broken all around. Relief bordered on right by 0.0325
wide anta supporting 0.035 high entablature, below by 0.045
wide moulding consisting of taenia and ovolo. Architrave
. Surface slightly worn, chipped. White,
medium-grained marble. NM 2958
: p.h. 0.385, p.w. 0.355,
th. 0.11 (moulding bottom), 0.105 (top); relief h. 0.02; EM
: p.h. 0.39, p.w. 0.33, th. 0.165, h. of letters 0.006.
The moulding and the continuation of the stele below it indicate that the relief belonged to an inscription, but it is uncertain whether its usual association
with IG II2 417
, a list of two men from each phyle
concerned with a liturgy called the eutaxia, is correct.
The female figure on the right is identified by the
inscribed label on the architrave above as Eutaxia, a
personification of the discipline of the military and
the gymnasium, a quality particularly associated with
the ephebes. By the late fourth century it was also a
term for a liturgy, which Palagia interpreted as sponsorship of a festival event involving armed contestants (JHS
95  181-82). Eutaxia is frontal, her head turned in near-profile view toward the left. Her
weight has shifted to her left leg in such a way that
her left hip swings outward emphatically. She wears
a high-girt chiton with shoulder cords and a himation
with a triangular overfold draped low across her torso.
Her right hand is raised and points toward the left. In
her left hand she holds a broken, unidentified object.
Further left is a male figure of the same scale, also
wearing a himation with triangular overfold, who leans
on a staff held crutch-like under his left arm. His
right arm, completely broken off, was raised and
probably crowned the smaller male figure on the left.
His head is entirely broken away but appears to have
been inclined toward the honorand. Kron suggested
that the figure is a phyle hero because the eutaxia was
a phyle responsibility, but because the liturgists for
all ten phylai were listed in IG II2 417
, the figure is
more likely to be Demos (cf. nos. 49, 54, 117, 126,
150, 172, possibly nos. 23, 45).
On the far left is a much smaller male figure whose
upper body and head are broken away. He wears a
short chiton and a mantle draped over his left arm;
his left hand rests on the rim of his shield. If the relief
belongs with IG II2 417
, this figure should represent
the victors being honoured by Demos and Eutaxia;
his dress and the tripod mounted on a column in the
background refer to the contest. Cf. the similar relief
from a dedication of victorious prytaneis (no. 97), in
which a single figure represents the prytaneis and a
hydria in the background represents their prize.
The very high-waisted, pear-shaped figure of
Eutaxia, her torsion, and the pronounced outward
swing of the hips of both Demos and Eutaxia are
characteristic of reliefs of the last quarter of the fourth
century (cf. nos. 47, 49). Palagia has noted the close
resemblance of the two male figures to figures in no.
149. As she pointed out, if the relief concerns a liturgy, it should date before Demetrios of Phaleron abolished the festival liturgies between 317/16 and
K. S. Pittakys, ArchEph
(1842) 560-61 no. 959, fig. 959
(drwg.); Rangabé II, 790-91 no. 1241; R. Förster, AdI
(1870) 219-21; Schöne, 34-36 no. 63, pl. 13 (drwg.); IG
172; A. Dumont, BCH
2 (1878) 561, 568 n. 4, 569; Sybel,
426 no. 6931; Friederichs and Wolters, 391 no. 181; P.
9 (1888) 57; Le Bas, pl. 37.2 (drwg.); J.
60 (1905) 150-51; RE
6 (1909) 1491-92,
s.v. eutaxia (Waser); P. C. H. Schween, Die Epistaten des
Agons und der Palaestra in Literatur und Kunst
1911) 83; Walter, Beschreibung
, 39; Matz, 56; B. Schröder,
Der Sport im Altertum
(1927) pl. 10 b; Binneboeßel, 14-15
no. 64, 20, 71-73; Svoronos, 659 no. 417, pl. 193.3; O. Walter,
30 (1937) 55 n. 16; Süsserott, 122, 193, pl. 24.3; SEG
12.90; Hamdorf, 94 no. 254 (m); D. M. Lewis, Hesperia
(1968) 376 n. 25; Rauscher, 164; O. Palagia, JHS
180-82, pl. XXII b; Kron, Phylenheroen
, 237-38, 281 (9);
, 21 n. 104, 23, 58, 60-62, fig. 34; Hesperia
51 (1982) 107-9, pl. 35c; LIMC
II, 887 no. 337, s.v.
Asklepios (B. Holtzmann); III, 380 no. 59, pl. 275, s.v.
Demos (O. Alexandri-Tzachou); IV, 120 no. 1, s.v. Eutaxia
(O. Palagia); Meyer, 306 A 142, pl. 42.1.