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Catalogue of liturgists
(?) IG II2 417 (?) Athens, NM 2958 last q. 4th c. Plate 5

Two (?) non-joining fragments: NM 2958 (with relief), from Akropolis, EM 7166 (IG II2 417), found in 1839 west of Parthenon. Part of top, right edge of relief preserved, otherwise broken all around. Relief bordered on right by 0.0325 wide anta supporting 0.035 high entablature, below by 0.045 wide moulding consisting of taenia and ovolo. Architrave inscribed: ΕΥΤΑΞΙΑ. Surface slightly worn, chipped. White, medium-grained marble. NM 2958: p.h. 0.385, p.w. 0.355, th. 0.11 (moulding bottom), 0.105 (top); relief h. 0.02; EM 7166: p.h. 0.39, p.w. 0.33, th. 0.165, h. of letters 0.006.

The moulding and the continuation of the stele below it indicate that the relief belonged to an inscription, but it is uncertain whether its usual association with IG II2 417, a list of two men from each phyle concerned with a liturgy called the eutaxia, is correct.

The female figure on the right is identified by the inscribed label on the architrave above as Eutaxia, a personification of the discipline of the military and the gymnasium, a quality particularly associated with the ephebes. By the late fourth century it was also a term for a liturgy, which Palagia interpreted as sponsorship of a festival event involving armed contestants (JHS 95 [1975] 181-82). Eutaxia is frontal, her head turned in near-profile view toward the left. Her weight has shifted to her left leg in such a way that her left hip swings outward emphatically. She wears a high-girt chiton with shoulder cords and a himation with a triangular overfold draped low across her torso. Her right hand is raised and points toward the left. In her left hand she holds a broken, unidentified object.

Further left is a male figure of the same scale, also wearing a himation with triangular overfold, who leans on a staff held crutch-like under his left arm. His right arm, completely broken off, was raised and probably crowned the smaller male figure on the left. His head is entirely broken away but appears to have been inclined toward the honorand. Kron suggested that the figure is a phyle hero because the eutaxia was a phyle responsibility, but because the liturgists for all ten phylai were listed in IG II2 417, the figure is more likely to be Demos (cf. nos. 49, 54, 117, 126, 150, 172, possibly nos. 23, 45).

On the far left is a much smaller male figure whose upper body and head are broken away. He wears a short chiton and a mantle draped over his left arm; his left hand rests on the rim of his shield. If the relief belongs with IG II2 417, this figure should represent the victors being honoured by Demos and Eutaxia; his dress and the tripod mounted on a column in the background refer to the contest. Cf. the similar relief from a dedication of victorious prytaneis (no. 97), in which a single figure represents the prytaneis and a hydria in the background represents their prize.

The very high-waisted, pear-shaped figure of Eutaxia, her torsion, and the pronounced outward swing of the hips of both Demos and Eutaxia are characteristic of reliefs of the last quarter of the fourth century (cf. nos. 47, 49). Palagia has noted the close resemblance of the two male figures to figures in no. 149. As she pointed out, if the relief concerns a liturgy, it should date before Demetrios of Phaleron abolished the festival liturgies between 317/16 and 309/8.

K. S. Pittakys, ArchEph (1842) 560-61 no. 959, fig. 959 (drwg.); Rangabé II, 790-91 no. 1241; R. Förster, AdI 42 (1870) 219-21; Schöne, 34-36 no. 63, pl. 13 (drwg.); IG II 172; A. Dumont, BCH 2 (1878) 561, 568 n. 4, 569; Sybel, 426 no. 6931; Friederichs and Wolters, 391 no. 181; P. Gardner, JHS 9 (1888) 57; Le Bas, pl. 37.2 (drwg.); J. Sundwall, RhM 60 (1905) 150-51; RE 6 (1909) 1491-92, s.v. eutaxia (Waser); P. C. H. Schween, Die Epistaten des Agons und der Palaestra in Literatur und Kunst (Diss. Kiel 1911) 83; Walter, Beschreibung, 39; Matz, 56; B. Schröder, Der Sport im Altertum (1927) pl. 10 b; Binneboeßel, 14-15 no. 64, 20, 71-73; Svoronos, 659 no. 417, pl. 193.3; O. Walter, ÖJh 30 (1937) 55 n. 16; Süsserott, 122, 193, pl. 24.3; SEG 12.90; Hamdorf, 94 no. 254 (m); D. M. Lewis, Hesperia 37 (1968) 376 n. 25; Rauscher, 164; O. Palagia, JHS 95 (1975) 180-82, pl. XXII b; Kron, Phylenheroen, 237-38, 281 (9); Palagia, Euphranor, 21 n. 104, 23, 58, 60-62, fig. 34; Hesperia 51 (1982) 107-9, pl. 35c; LIMC II, 887 no. 337, s.v. Asklepios (B. Holtzmann); III, 380 no. 59, pl. 275, s.v. Demos (O. Alexandri-Tzachou); IV, 120 no. 1, s.v. Eutaxia (O. Palagia); Meyer, 306 A 142, pl. 42.1.

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