previous next


153.
Honorary decree for Artikleides
IG II2 171 Athens, NM 1396 last q. 4th c. Plate 81

Found near Hephaisteion in 1891 construction of Athens-Piraeus railway. Top, both edges of relief, and right edge of inscription preserved. Broken bottom encased in plaster, back rough-picked. Relief bordered by tapering 0.03-0.035 wide antae supporting 0.055 high entablature with antefixes, architrave inscribed: ΑΜΦΙΑΡΑΟΣ ΑΡΤΙΚΛΕΙΔΗΣ ΥΓΙΕΙΑ. Below, 0.0375 wide moulding inscribed [ΘΕΟ. Surface worn, flaked, with dark stains, accretions. White, medium-grained marble. p.h. 0.44 (relief), p.h. of relief 0.40, w. 0.47 (relief), th. 0.12 (relief), 0.105 (inscription), relief h. 0.03, h. of letters 0.007.

All that remains of the inscription is a fragmentary heading, but the relief indicates that it is an honorary decree for an otherwise unknown Artikleides, probably for his services to the cult of Amphiaraos. On the right stands Hygieia, who turns slightly toward the left and with her right hand places a crown on Artikleides' head. In her left hand she holds an oinochoe. She wears a high-girt chiton and himation with a triangular overfold. The much smaller figure of Artikleides stands behind a low altar. His right arm, broken off at the elbow, is extended and may have held a phiale. His association with the altar lends some support to Kutsch's suggestion that he was a priest. On the other side of the altar is Amphiaraos, who leans on a staff held crutch-like under his left arm. His right hand, broken off at the wrist, is extended and may also have held a phiale. His himation is wrapped around his left arm and crosses his torso with a triangular overfold. The figure closely resembles an Asklepios-like type for Amphiaraos represented by two fragmentary fourth-century statues found at the Amphiaraion at Oropos (B. Petrakos, Ho Oropos kai to Hieron tou Amphiaraou (1968) 120 nos. 10, 11, pls. 34b, 35a; cf. also no. 132.). The statue of Amphiaraos that Pausanias (1.8.2) saw in the Agora may also have been of this familiar type and could have provided the model for the relief, which its find-spot suggests was erected nearby. (Cf. NM 1383, Svoronos, pl. 38.4, a fragmentary votive relief depicting Hygieia that was found at the same time.)

Although the inscription has been dated to the first half of the fourth century on the basis of its letter forms, the very tall, slim proportions of the figures, the very high-waisted Hygieia, and the emphatic outward swing of Amphiaraos' hip suggest a date in the last quarter of the fourth century. The three figures resemble the honorand, Demos, and Boule in the more crudely worked relief of the honorary decree for Asklepiodoros (no. 49) dated 323/22, and the stance of Amphiaraos is also close to that of Deloptes in the decree of the orgeones of Bendis of 329/28 (no. 47). Cf. also no. 150.

H. Lolling, ArchDelt (1891) 89 no. 23; A. Körte, AM 18 (1893) 253-56; IG II.5 83c; L. Kjellberg, Asklepios, mythologisch-archäologische Studien II (1897/98) 26; EA 5 (1902) 4 no. 1215 (Löwy); Kastriotis, 244-45 no. 1396; V. Staïs, Marbres et bronzes du Musée National (1910) 234-35 no. 1396; F. Kutsch, Attische Heilgötter und Heilheroen (1913) 39-41, 121 no. 248, 135 no. 13; Binneboeßel, 15 no. 65, 20, 70, 72, 73; Svoronos, 347-48 no. 93, pl. 50.4; O. Walter, ÖJh 30 (1937) 55 n. 16; Süsserott, 119; Walter, ÖJh 32 (1940) 15 n. 48; Wycherley, Agora III, 49 no. 105; U. Hausmann, Kunst und Heiltum: Untersuchungen zu den griechischen Asklepiosreliefs (1948) 96, 168 no. 20 (A45); Picard IV.2, 1265; Hamdorf, 107 no. 394; Rauscher, 164-65; LIMC I, 702 no. 65, pl. 565, s.v. Amphiaraos (I. Krauskopf); II, 888 no. 372, s.v. Asklepios (B. Holtzmann); Meyer, 306 A 143, pl. 42.2.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: