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155.
The deme Aixone honours Kallikrates and Aristokrates
IG II2 1202 St Petersburg, Hermitage A 1105 313/12 (?) Plate 82

Found at Trachones in 1864 excavations of Count Blourdorff, Russian Minister to Greece. Both edges of relief and inscription preserved, broken top and bottom. Relief bordered by antae. Reportedly Pentelic marble. p.h. 0.66, w. 0.40, th. 0.16, h. of letters 0.007. Not examined.

The deme of Aixone honours Kallikrates son of Glaukon and Aristokrates son of Aristophanes for their service to the deme. The decree was to have been set up by the deme in the theatre of Aixone (lines 18-21), which was the site of an active rural Dionysia (see also no. 154 and IG II2 1198 and 1200). The subject of the relief and the location of the stele suggest that the honours were related to the festival. Whitehead's suggestion that these were the choregoi who lost to Auteas and Philoxenides (no. 154) in the festival's competition is unconvincing because Kallikrates and Aristokrates are awarded the more expensive 500-drachmai wreaths.

Two figures face each other on either side of a small altar. The figure on the left, whose head is missing, is a satyr or silenos whose furry body is visible above and below his himation. Meyer suggested that his goat-like character was intended as a play on the name Aixone; the Greek word for goat is ἄιξ The figure steps toward the altar and with his right hand prepares to pour from an oinochoe into the kantharos held by the other, larger figure, probably Dionysos, who is preserved only from the waist down. He wears a himation and in his left hand holds an object which may be his thyrsos. Other traces of relief at the upper edge of this fragment have been interpreted as a scroll, but it is difficult to see how this would be held, and these may instead be traces of drapery thrown over the figure's shoulder. The large krater in the left corner of the relief, appropriate for its function as a wine-mixing bowl, probably represents a prize in the Dionysia's dramatic competition (cf. no. 97).

The decree dates from the archonship of Theophrastos and thus from either 340/39 or 313/12. Köhler in IG II and Kirchner following him in IG II2 chose the later date largely for prosopographical reasons: a brother of the proposer Glaukides is mentioned in a catalogue of ca. 320 (IG II2 1955; KirchPA 12784), and Aristokrates himself proposed a decree in honour of Demetrios of Phaleron in 317 (IG II2 1201). Webster, however, has argued for the earlier date for no. 54, which was passed at the same time, primarily on the basis of the style of the relief, the types of masks depicted on its architrave, and some inconclusive prosopographical arguments. The drapery of the figures and the emphatic swing in the satyr's stance suggest that the later date is the more likely (cf. nos. 47, 49). A. S. Rusopoulos, BdI (1864) 129-32; E. Miller, RA 22 (1865) 154-59; IG II 585; A. Dumont, BCH 2 (1878) 568 n. 2; Binneboeßel, 16 no. 71, 20, 23, 77; K. Schefold in BrBr, pl. 785 b; W. Peek, AM 66 (1941) 218; C. Picard, REG 55 (1942) 312; T. B. L. Webster, JHS 71 (1951) 222 n. 7; Hesperia 29 (1960) 257; C. W. J. Eliot, Coastal Demes of Attika: a study of the policy of Kleisthenes (1962) 7-9; Webster, Monuments Illustrating Tragedy and Satyr Play (1962) 33-34 no. AS 7; Picard IV.2, 1202, 1266-67; A. Pickard-Cambridge, The Dramatic Festivals of Athens2 (1968) 49; V. von Graeve, Der Alexandersarkoph und seine Werkstatt (1970) 168, pl. 80; P. Ghiron-Bistagne, Recherches sur les acteurs dans la Grèce antique (1976) 88-90, fig. 35; SEG 26.133; Whitehead, 218-19; Meyer, 306 A 140, pl. 44.1; SEG 36.185, 186.

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