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Antiochis honours the taxiarch Prokleides
3.116 Athens, NM 3491 last q. 4th c. Plate 83

Found in 1922 in house foundations in neighbourhood of Dourgouti, south of Fix brewery and on left bank of Ilissos. Broken at bottom of inscription, back rough-picked. Relief bordered by tapering 0.035-0.042 wide antae, above by pediment, below by plain taenia and flattened ovolo, together 0.045 wide. Surface very worn, chipped, with red-brown iron stains. White, medium-grained marble. p.h. 0.63, h. of relief 0.36, w. 0.36 (relief), 0.31 (inscription), th. 0.10 (relief), 0.095 (inscription), relief h. 0.015, h. of letters 0.004.

The decree records the honours of the elder epilektoi, members of an elite corps of the infantry, of the phyle Antiochis for their taxiarch Prokleides; he is given a gold crown. On the right stands the nude frontal figure of Herakles, whose head is slightly turned toward the left. His right hand holds the top of his club; its lower end rests on a rock. His lion skin is draped over his left forearm (cf. no. 158). Opposite him is a bearded figure wearing a himation who probably represents his son Antiochos; his large scale indicates that he is not the mortal honorand, and the eponymous hero of the phyle bestowing the honours is the most appropriate identification. His raised left hand held a painted spear or staff. His right hand rests on his hip. No standard type for Antiochos emerges from known representations of him, but E. B. Harrison has pointed out that in at least two vase paintings he is shown with his hand on his hip (‘Eponymous Heroes’, 78). Herakles is probably present in the relief not only as the father of Antiochos but also because the heroon of Antiochos was apparently associated with or even in the Herakles sanctuary in Kynosarges. This decree is one of at least three of Antiochis (SEG 3.115-17) found in the area of the south bank of the Ilissos where the Herakleion is believed to have been located, one of which (SEG 3.115) was to have been set up in the heroon. See also no. 145, a document relief found there that must also represent Antiochos.

The squat figures with their large, almost caricatured facial features and the stiff, straight drapery folds are characteristic of the sometimes handwerkliche quality of document reliefs in the second half of the fourth century (cf. nos. 36, 43, 45). The pose of Herakles, with his hip swung outward, suggests a date toward the end of the century (cf. nos. 46, 47, 49). For other phyle decrees, see nos. 53, 107, 128, 138, possibly 148.

C. Karouzos, ArchDelt 8 (1923) 85-102 no. 2, fig. 2; Kron, Phylenheroen, 191 n. 926, 192-93, 239, 279 An 5, pl. 28.1; E. B. Harrison, ‘Eponymous Heroes’, 78; E. G. Pemberton, BSA 76 (1981) 319, pl. 55d; LIMC I, 852 no. 6, pl. 679, s.v. Antiochos (E. B. Harrison); R. Vollkommer, Herakles in the Art of Classical Greece (1988) 53 no. 393; Meyer, 304-5 A 139; L. Tritle, AHB 4 (1989) 54-59.

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