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64. Athens honours the sons of Iphiades
I3 28 Athens, EM 6820 + 6820a 440s or 420s Plate 33

Three (?) fragments: a (EM 6820), found between Theatre of Dionysos and Odeion of Herodes Atticus, + b (EM 6820a), found in 1859 north of Parthenon. Walbank doubts that c (EM 5409) belongs. Right edge preserved, back rough-picked. Relief bordered on right by 0.0175 wide anta. Surface worn, battered. White, medium-grained marble. EM 6820 + 6820a: p.h. 0.22 5, p.w. 0.24, th. 0.06, h. of relief 0.04, h. of letters 0.01.

The fragmentary inscription is perhaps a grant of proxeny for the sons of one Iphiades. The ethnic of Iphiades and his sons is uncertain; Walbank notes that the name is known in Samos in the fifth century and in Abydos in the fourth.

All that remains of the relief is the lower right corner consisting of a fragment of relief ground bordered on the right by an anta. On analogy with several other fifth-century stelai with blank spaces above their texts, it has been suggested that the panel was painted rather than sculpted, but in all the painted examples the blank space is flush with the inscribed surface rather than recessed and bordered by sculpted antae. The figures would have been centred in the middle of the panel (cf. nos. 7, 9, 13, 14, 16, 28).

Early dates between 450 and the early 430s have been suggested on the basis of the letter forms by Meiggs, Walbank, and Lewis, but Mattingly has argued that some of the names and phrasing place it in the late 420s. Very little of the inscription is preserved and restorations of its dating formula are speculative. The earliest securely dated document relief with antae is the stele of 403/2 honouring the Samians (no. 12), although several others (nos. 11, 67, 74) are probably somewhat earlier. (Cf. nos. 63, 66, reliefs whose dates also depend upon the resolution of the controversy concerning the datable letter forms of this period.)

K. S. Pittakys, ArchEph (1859) 1835 no. 3517; IG I Suppl. I, p. 21, 76a; A. Wilhelm, ÖJhBeibl 1 (1898) 44; AnzWien (1911) 170-75; IG 12 143; Wilhelm, AU 4 (1939) 28-31 no. xxiv, pl. 11; B. D. Meritt, Hesperia 10 (1941) 315-17; SEG 10.52; Meritt, Hesperia 21 (1952) 346-47; SEG 12.24; H. B. Mattingly, Historia 12 (1963) 263-65; BCH 92 (1968) 480-83; Meiggs, 425-27; Walbank, 115-22 no. 17, pl. 8; M. Osborne, CR 32 (1982) 258; SEG 32.1; G. Németh, ActaArchHung 39 (1987) 101-2; SEG 37.7.

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