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ASINE Argolid, Greece.

On the coast ca. 8 km SE of Nauplia and a little over one km NE of Tolon. Prehistoric settlement with remains dating from the Early, Middle, Late Helladic, Protogeometric, and Geometric periods. Deserted about 700 B.C., it was again inhabited from shortly after 300 B.C. in Hellenistic and Roman times. The site is mentioned by Homer, Strabo, Ptolemy, and Pausanias.

Remains were uncovered on the acropolis, in the lower city, in a field NE of the acropolis, and on Mt. Barbouna. The acropolis and the lower town were surrounded by a Hellenistic fortification wall provided with towers. A city gate leads to the lower town remodeled in Roman and Venetian times. There is a Hellenistic oil or wine press on the top of the acropolis.

Architectural remains from Early and Middle Helladic, Late Helladic III, Geometric, Hellenistic, and Roman times were found. Notable are two Early Helladic houses with absidal ends, a Roman bath, a great reservoir belonging to the Hellenistic or Roman period, and burials from various periods consisting of cists, pithoi, shafts or earth-cut graves. House G is an important Late Mycenaean building consisting of at least nine rooms, one of which had two column bases and a cult ledge in one coiner.

There are Mycenaean tombs on the NE and N side of Mt. Barbouna. Seven Mycenaean chamber tombs, a Geometric pit tomb, and three Hellenistic shaft tombs were investigated, but many more tombs were traced. Geometric stone-settings were excavated on the S side of the hill and an archaic building, perhaps a Temple to Apollo Pythaios, mentioned by Pausanias, was found on the uppermost terrace of Mt. Barbouna.

Early and Late Mycenaean, Protogeometric, and Geometric habitation remains and tombs of Middle Helladic, Protogeometric and archaic date were found in recent excavations in a field NE of the acropolis. Early Mycenaean and Geometric house walls were also uncovered on the lowest slope of Mt. Barbouna, just opposite the acropolis. Traces of an extramural cemetery of the Middle Helladic period were found on the same slope.

The principal finds are in the Nauplia Museum, in Uppsala, and in the Museum of Mediterranean Antiquities in Stockholm.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

E. Curtius, Peloponnesos (1852) II 167ff; H. Schliemann, Tiryns (1886) 48ff; J. G. Frazer, Paus. Des. Gr. V (1898) 601ff; L. Renaudin, “Note sur le site d'Asiné en Argolide,” BCH 45 (1921) 295ff; A. W. Persson, “Recherches préliminaires en vue de fouilles suédoises,” BLund (1920-21) 17ff; id., “Aperçu provisoire des résultats obtenus au cours des fouilles d'Asiné faites en 1922,” BLund (1922-23) 25ff; O. Frödin & Persson, “Rapport préliminaire sur les fouilles d'Asiné 1922-1924,” BLund (1924-1925) 23ff; Persson, Asine (1931); Frödin & Persson, Asine: Results of the Swedish Excavations 1922-1930 (1938)MPI; R. L. Scranton, Greek Walls (1941); N. Valmin, Vid vinrött hav, 2d rev. ed. (1953) 11-25; R. Hägg, “Geometrische Gräber von Asine,” Opus. Athen. 6 (1965) 116ff; C. G. Styrenius & A. Vidén, “New Excavations at Asine,” AAA 4 (1971) 147-148; S. Dietz, “Kistegrave fin en første graesk storhedstid—en foreløbig meddelelse fra udgravningerne i Asine,” Fra Nationalmuseets arbejdsmark (1971) 57-70; I. & R. Hägg, “Excavations in the Barbouna Area at Asine, 1,” Boreas 4.1 (1973) with bibliography on pp. 14-15; R. Hägg, “Die Gräber der Argolis, 1. Lage und Form der Gräber,” Boreas 7.1 (1974) 47-56.

Hom. Il. 2.560; Strab. 8.4.4, 8.6.3, 8.6.11, 8.6.13, 8.16.17; Ptol. 3.16.20; Paus. 2.28.2, 2.36.4-5, 3.7.4, 4.8.3, 4.24.4, 4.27.8, 4.34.9-12; Diod. Sic. 4.37.2; Herodian 1. 333L; Nic. Dam. 38 (FHG 3.376).

P. ÅSTRÖM

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