or Ostippo (Estepa) Sevilla, Spain.
Situated between Osuna and Puente Genil and mentioned by Pliny (NH 3.12
). The modern town surrounds
the hill on which Astapa must have stood; but excavation
has produced no traces. Livy (28.22; 28.23.5
) and Appian (Iber
. 33) recount the capture of Astapa by Marcius while Scipio retired to Carthago Nova after taking
Castulo and Iliturgi in 206 B.C. Famous for its defense
by its inhabitants who, after firing the town and consigning its valuables to the flames, slew their wives and
children and one another. Rome gained nothing by its
capture. Livy writes of it “ingenia incolarum latrocinio
laeta.” Its final fate reminds us of Numantia.
II, 1435-66; Fontes Hispaniae Antiquae