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AIGINION Thessaly, Greece.

A town on the border between Thessaly and Epeiros; according to Strabo, it belonged to the Tymphaei. It appears several times in Livy's account of the Macedonian War, where it is described as secure and almost impregnable; it was destroyed by the Romans in 167 B.C. Subsequently, in the Civil Wars, Caesar joined Domitius Calvinus there before marching on Pompey at Pharsalus. The ancient town has been identified with Kalabaka, where there are no ancient remains; the literary sources are more easily reconciled with the Rock of the Goat N of the modern village of Nea Koutsoufliani. This small site is surrounded by cliffs, and retains traces of a tower and rubble walls faced with squared stone blocks. A modern road to the E of the acropolis has cut through a group of pithos and cist burials.


Strab. 7.7.9; Livy 32.15; Caes. BCiv. 3.79; N.G.L. Hammond, Epirus (1967)M. Also: Livy 36.13; 44.46; 45.27; Plin. 4.10.17§33; Ptol. 3.13,44.


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