Scythian site on the
left bank of the Alma river in the SW Crimea, dating to
the 3d c. B.C.
The settlement had links with Chersonesus, and much
pottery from that city has been found on the site. Detachments of Roman legionnaires occupied the site in the 2d-3d c., and building during this period includes a house
with frescos and a glassmaking workshop.
Excavation has concentrated on the necropolis (over
200 tombs on the 2-ha surface). The chief archaeological
finds consist of articles imported from the Greek cities
on the N coast of the Black Sea. The most interesting
of these are funerary stelai (1st-2d c. A.D.) with a
stylized figure of a man, perhaps a warrior, with a rhyton
and spear. The Moscow Historical Museum contains
material from this site.
T. N. Vysotskaia, “Nekotorye dannye o
sel'skom khoziaistve pozdneskifskogo gorodishcha Alma-Kermen,” Kratkie soobshcheniia Instituta arkheologii
11 (1961) 75-79; id., Pozdnie Skify v
(1972) 32-63, 76-78; N. O. Bogdanova, “Mogyl'nyk I st. do n.e-III st. n.e. bilia s.
Zavitne Bakhchisarais'kogo raionu,” Arkheologiia
(1963) 95-109; id. & I. I. Gushchina, “Raskopki
mogil'nikov pervykh vekov nashei ery v lugo-Zapadnom
Krymu v 1960-1961 gg.,” SovArkh
I. I. Gushchina, “O sarmatakh v iugo-zapadnom Krymu
(Po materialam nekotorykh mogil'nikov I-IV VV.),” SovArkh
(1967) 1.40-51; T. M. Vysots'ka, “Gorodishche
Alma-Kermen u Krymu,” Arkeologiia
24 (1970) 179-93.
M. L. BERNHARD & Z. SZTETYŁŁO