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BARBOŞI Moldova, Romania.

Roman castellum on the left bank of the Danube, at the mouth of the Siret, on the site of a Dacian settlement of the early 1st c. A.D. The castellum, first constructed of earth, was later replaced by a larger castellum built of stone. A bridgehead on the left bank of the Danube across from Dinogetia, it belonged to the province of Moesia inferior, was under the authority of the legion at Troesmis, and was placed here to protect the road along the Siret which ran through the Oituz pass into Dacia. in the middle of the 3d c. this castellum was abandoned, but in the 4th c. a small polygonal tower was built, the last phase of construction on the plateau of Barboşi. The castellum enclosed an area of ca. 5000 sq. m and was defended by a stone wall 1.1 m thick with rectangular interior towers and by a double ditch, barely visible today. in the 2d and 3d c. detachments of Legio V Macedonica, Legio i italica, Cohors II Mattiacorum and Classis Flavia Moesica were garrisoned here. Near the castrum a civil settlement developed where many inscriptions, pottery fragments, and coins were found. Near this were cemeteries belonging to both the castellum and the civil settlement. The territory dependent on the castrum was closed by an earth vallum which crossed S Moldavia between the Prut and the Siret. Within this territory many other places with traces of Roman remains have been identified.


V. Pârvan, “Castrul de la Poiana şi drumul roman prin Moldova de Jos,” ARMSI 36 (1913) 11-31; G. Ştefan, “Dinogetia—a problem of ancient topography,” Dacia, NS 2 (1958) 317-30; N. Gostar, “Unităţile militare din castellum roman de la Barboşi,” Danubius, I (1967) 107-13.


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