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BRAMPTON (Old Church) Cumberland, England (NY 510615).

Site of a Roman fort 13 km NE of Carlisle and 0.8 km S of the Stanegate, partly underlying St. Martin's Church. The fort was ca. 1.5 ha, with turf defenses and stone internal buildings, and faced N. It was probably of Trajanic date, and may have formed an element in a Trajanic fortified frontier road on the Stanegate. There is so far no evidence of later occupation. Kilns of Trajanic date were found ca. 1.6 km to the E, with a large quantity of ironwork. A civil site, Hawk Hirst, ca. 0.4 km SE, was occupied in the 3d and 4th c., and perhaps into the post-Roman period.


E. Birley, Research on Hadrian's Wall (1961) 138-41; id., in Studien zu den Militärgrenzen Roms (1967) 8-9; J. C. Bruce, Handbook to the Roman Wall (12 ed. by I. A. Richmond, 1966) 188. Kilns: R. Hogg, Trans. Cumberland and Westmorland Ant. and Arch. Soc. 65 (1965) 133-68PI; R. L. Bellhouse, ibid. 71 (1971) 35-44. Hoard of ironwork: W. H. Manning, ibid. 66 (1966) 1-36. Hawk Hirst: ibid. 36 (1936) 179-82.


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