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A prehistoric and Greek settlement revealed by recent excavations. Remains of huts of the Chalcolithic period, with Serraferlicchio, S. Ippolito, and Castellucio style pottery, have been found in the area of the present cemetery and on the San Giuliano mountain which towers over the modern town. This area yielded important terracotta male and female figurines of the Early Bronze Age, very probably connected with a great prehistoric sanctuary. Other discoveries attest to the existence of a later indigenous center which from the 7th c. B.C. established contacts with the Greek colony of Gela. Traces of this settlement, with Corinthian, Geloan, and local imitation pottery, have been found on Monte San Giuliano, and tombs containing vases of Geloan type with geometric decoration have been uncovered near the present athletic field. Finally the discovery of a 5th c. B.C. Greek antefix in the castle of Pietrarossa demonstrates the presence of sacred buildings in Greek style at that time.

An archaeological museum contains all the material found in the last ten years at the ancient sites in the surrounding territory, especially Sabucina, Gibil-Gabib, Capodarso. Greek imports and colonial material predominate, thus demonstrating the progressive Hellenization of central Sicily between the 7th and 4th c. B.C.


P. Orlandini, Kokalos 8 (1962) 108ff; id., Kokalos 12 (1966) 36ff; id., Sicilia Archeologica (1968) 17ff; id., BdA (1968) 55ff.


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