Gallo-Roman settlement just outside Clermont-Ferrand (Augustonemetum).
The most important discovery made here was of a
large collection of Gallo-Roman carved wooden ex-votos
near a mineral water spring, known today as La Source
des Roches. The spring itself shows no signs of engineering, even of a rough kind. The ex-votos, originally stacked
vertically or placed on their bases around the two drainage basins, had fallen into the basins, almost filling them.
Coins and pottery found in this deposit show that it was
used over a period from the end of Gallic independence,
at the earliest, to the reign of Augustus' first successors,
at the latest.
Over 5000 wooden ex-votos have been found, but no
stone or bronze offerings. Essentially they consist of
lifesize representations of legs and arms, lower sections
of the body, either naked or draped, and anatomical
splints. Particularly noteworthy are some statuettes of
pilgrims, busts and heads of men and women (the Classical influence is noticeable here), and some badly damaged painted plaques. The carvings can be seen in the Musée Bargoin in Clermont-Ferrand.
C. Vatin, Gallia
27 (1969) 320-301; id.,
“Ex-voto de bois gallo-romains à Chamalières,” RA
; id., “Wooden sculpture from galloroman Auvergne,” Antiquity
46 (1972) 39-42I
; J. C. Poursat, Gallia
31 (1973) 439-44I
J. C. POURSAT