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CHÂTEAUBLEAU Dept. Seine-et-Marne, France.

Châteaubleau, in the Provins arrondissement in the canton of Nangis, is the site of a Gallo-Roman settlement covering about 30 ha that was inhabited until the 3d c. It lies along the Roman road linking Sens to Senlis by way of Meaux and just next to the boundaries of the old dioceses of Meaux and Sens which seem to have been drawn up on the limits of the ancient cities of the Meldi and Senones.

The site has been under excavation since 1960. Finds include a water-cult sanctuary at La Tannerie, and, at Le Vois de la Vigne, a rustic theater. The sanctuary, a rectangle (31.10 x 35.65 m) with two apses on each of the long sides, still has water coming into it. Some curious ex-votos have been excavated there; carved in painted mortar, they represent eyes and ears, leading to the supposition that there was a fountain divinity that healed those organs. The middle of the sanctuary apparently had a pool in it, which has not yet been uncovered. Only pottery and 3d c. coins have been found in the sanctuary. The rustic theater has seats covered with wood and cut in the soil and is modest in size (80 x 53 m).


BIBLIOGRAPHY

M. Fleury, “Informations arch.,” Gallia (1965, 1967).

J.-M. DESBORDES

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