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CLAUDIOPOLIS (Mut) Cilicia Aspera, Turkey.

In a well-watered plain 80 km N-NW of Seleucea on the Kalykadnos. Named for the emperor, who gave it colonial status, Claudiopolis was first a city and later a bishopric. It was tentatively identified in 1800 with modern Mut by Leake, who noted that “its chief streets and temples and other public buildings may be easily distinguished, and long colonnades and porticos, with the lower parts of the columns in their original places. Pillars of verd-antique, breccia and other marbles, lie half buried in different parts. . . .” The city's identity was confirmed from epigraphic evidence at the end of the 19th c.

Little remains of Claudiopolis, apart from reused building material and inscriptions in Mut and in the walls of the 14th c. (Karamanoğlu) castle at the town's N limit. The theater, with fragments of seating and of the sculpture and column drums of its scaena, may still be recognized to the W, and S of the ancient ramparts (still visible in places as a low mound) is the necropolis with numerous sculptured sarcophagi. Of the latter, one recording the city's name has been removed for safekeeping to the precincts of Lâl Pasha's mosque.


Ptol. 5.7.7; Amin. Marc. 14.2.5.

W. M. Leake, Journal of a Tour in Asia Minor (1824) 108, 117; A. C. Headlam, “Ecclesiastical Sites in Isauria (Cilicia Trachea),” Suppl. Papers No. II of the Soc. for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies (1893) 23.


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