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A major Graeco-Scythian commercial center of the early 5th-3d c. B.C. in the Don River delta 17 km SE of Tanais. The settlement, which was primarily native, covered an area of almost 40 ha and was protected in the 3d c. by two concentric walls. The interior wall enclosed the acropolis. The wealthier classes apparently lived on the acropolis where there are remains of stone dwellings with painted plaster walls and tile roofs. Clay-walled houses predominate in the region between the interior and exterior walls. Recent excavations have uncovered a large stone building perhaps used as the warehouse of a Greek or Hellenized merchant. In addition to trade, fishing and craft production were important in the economy, which appears to have reached its height in the 4th-1st half of the 3d c. B.C. The city slowly died during the second half of the 3d c. probably owing to competition from Tanais, which was founded in the first half of the century. The decline of the site has also been attributed to the silting up of its channel into the Sea of Azov. The settlement is surrounded by a large kurgan necropolis of the 5th-3d c. B.C. with some of its graves containing rich burial goods.


T. N. Knipovich, “Opyt kharakteristiki gorodishcha u stanitsy Elisavetovskoi po nakhodkam ekspeditsii Gos. Akad. istorii material'noi kul'tury v 1928 g.,” Izvestiia Gosudarstvennoi Akademii istorii material'noi kul'tury 104 (1934) 111-201; V. P. Shilov, “Raskopki Elizavetovskogo mogil'nika v 1959 g.,” SovArkh (1961) 1.150-68; id., “Ushakovskii kurgan,” SovArkh (1966) 1.174-91; I. B. Braşinskij, “Recherches soviétiques sur les monuments antiques des régions de la Mer Noire,” Eirene 7 (1968) 104-5; id. & A. I. Demchenko, “Issledovaniia Elizavetovskogo mogil'nika v 1966 g.,” KSIA 116 (1969) 111-17; id., “Raskopki skifskikh kurganov na Nizhnem Donu,” KSIA 133 (1973) 54-61.


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