Roman villa, 3.2 km
W of Cardiff, excavated in 1894 and 1922. The earliest
building (2d c.) was a small winged-corridor house
facing S, linked by a boundary wall to a simple rectangular building set at an obtuse angle to it on the SW. The
latter building was subsequently extended by the addition of baths to its S end. The complex was enclosed by
banks and ditches on the N and W. In the final stage
(early 4th c.?) the outbuildings were abandoned and the
reconstructed main house was completely enclosed by a
new bank and ditch. The earthworks were interpreted as
defensive, but were more probably designed to define
and drain the area enclosed.
R.E.M. Wheeler, Trans. Cardiff Naturalists Soc.
55 (1922) 19-45; id., Prehistoric and Roman
(1925) 257-58; R. G. Collingwood & I. A. Richmond, Archaeology of Roman Britain
(2d ed., 1969) 137.