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ELY Glamorgan, Wales.

Roman villa, 3.2 km W of Cardiff, excavated in 1894 and 1922. The earliest building (2d c.) was a small winged-corridor house facing S, linked by a boundary wall to a simple rectangular building set at an obtuse angle to it on the SW. The latter building was subsequently extended by the addition of baths to its S end. The complex was enclosed by banks and ditches on the N and W. In the final stage (early 4th c.?) the outbuildings were abandoned and the reconstructed main house was completely enclosed by a new bank and ditch. The earthworks were interpreted as defensive, but were more probably designed to define and drain the area enclosed.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

R.E.M. Wheeler, Trans. Cardiff Naturalists Soc. 55 (1922) 19-45; id., Prehistoric and Roman Wales (1925) 257-58; R. G. Collingwood & I. A. Richmond, Archaeology of Roman Britain (2d ed., 1969) 137.

A.L.F. RIVET

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