later MAGNOPOLIS Pontus, Turkey.
At the confluence of the Yeşil Irmak (Iris fi.)
and the Kelkit Çayi (Lycus fi.), 12 km NW of Erbaa.
Founded by Mithridates VI Eupator of Pontus under the
name Eupatoria, and refounded as Magnopolis by Pompeius Magnus in 64 B.C. Pompey restored the city, which
had been devastated by Mithridates himself in revenge
for opening its gates to Lucullus in 70 B.C., and gave it
a territory including the fertile plain of Talova (Phanaroia). Magnopolis then disappears from history. Presumably it was presented to Polemon I of Pontus by
Mark Antony and became eclipsed by its neighbor Diospolis Sebaste, which was the capital of Polemon's successor Pythodoris.
No significant trace remains visible. The nucleus of the
city seems to have been a rocky hillock on the right bank
of the Yeşil Irmak shortly before the river enters its
gorge to pass through the coastal mountains to the sea.
J.G.C. Anderson, Studia Pontica
D. R. WILSON