of La Roque is on the La Gardiole hill W of Montpellier,
on the edge of the coastal plain and 2 km S of the Via
Domitia. The ancient texts contain no mention of the
site, which is a barred spur with natural defenses on
three sides. The fourth side is closed by three ramparts
of dry stone, and in several places these ramparts are
peculiar in having a triple-faced wall. The fortification
can be dated between 425 and the first half of the 3d c.
A stratigraphical study of the pre-Roman site has distinguished three periods of occupation: La Roque III
(end of the 5th to the beginning of the 4th c. B.C.) La
Roque II (middle of the 4th c.) and La Roque I (end
of the 4th c. to 250-230 B.C.). A few soundings revealed
traces of Iron Age I. The destruction of the settlement
should probably be attributed to the Volcae invasion in
the 3d c. The most interesting finds are the altar-hearths—large slabs of baked clay decorated with geometric
motifs which were placed in the middle of certain rooms
in the settlement. These rooms also contained trivets and
pots with pierced bottoms.
Excavation has revealed two residential sections, built
of stone and laid out on a square or rectangular plan.
Neither the necropolis nor any public monuments has
yet been located.
12 (1954) 422-23; 14 (1956)
599-608; 17 (1959) 462-64; 20 (1962) 623-24; 22 (1964)
491; 24 (1966) 466; P. Larderet, “L'oppidum préromain
de La Roque, commune de Fabrègues (Hérault),” ibid.
15 (1957) 1-39; id., “Les découvertes archéologiques de
l'oppidum de La Roque (Hérault),” RStLig