previous next

FERRANDINA Lucania, Italy.

An isolated crest on the slopes that dominate the right bank of the Basento river, about 60 km from the plain on which Metapontion stood. The crest was divided into two plateaus. At the base of the plateau to the E, scattered tombs have been discovered (8th-3d c. B.C.). On the smaller one to the W, Croce Missionaria, destroyed today, a native settlement has been brought to light comprising ovoid and rectangular huts dating from Iron Age I to the end of the 7th c. B.C. when the original inhabitants came into contact with the Greek habitations along the coast.

At the edge of Groce Missionaria, in the present-day Piazza Mazzini, various tombs (late 8th-early 7th c. B.C.) have been discovered. The grave gifts include mixed vases (small sacrificial bowls), and uncommon riches in bronzes with geometric designs. Other furnishings (late 8th-early 3d c. B.C.) include pendants, brooches, bracelets, and a belt richly decorated with incised bands of socalled wolf teeth, with swastikas and rhombuses.

Greek contact is also characterized by the presence of a series of skyphoi and cups thought to be original to the area of Metapontion. These vases indicate that the native population of Ferrandina was also part of the zone of influence of Metapontion (proschoros) along the borders of this colony. During the second half of the 4th c. B.C. the rich grave gifts include vases of the Painter of Pisticci, Apulian vases in the ornate style. The local production had completely disappeared.

At the beginning of the 3d c. B.C., habitation on the two hills was abandoned, but in the Republican period large farms appeared and continued to exist until the late Roman era. These farms are situated in the Macchia region toward the mediaeval fort of Uggiano.


E. Bracco, NSc (1947) 153f; (1953) 383-89; G. F. Lo Porto, NSc (1969) 157-65.


hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: