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FROCESTER COURT Gloucestershire, England.

A Roman villa 16 km S of Gloucester. A 1st c. farmstead surrounded by a double ditch was extended ca. A.D. 275 and a new dwelling erected outside the old perimeter. This was a winged-corridor villa, to which was added, ca. A.D. 360, a wing with bath block. In its final stages it measured 44 by 31 m and contained 19 rooms. Occupation continued until the end of the 5th c., by which time crude, grass-tempered pottery had replaced the better quality Romano-British wares. The center block was burnt down after the bath suite had been abandoned. Finds are in Gloucester City Museum.

The main room in the center block had been divided by light partitions forming kitchen, dining room, and a small storeroom. Among the other rooms were an office with an ironbound chest sunk in one corner, corn-drying room with T-shaped corn drier, smithy with forge, heated and unheated living rooms, and a large workroom. The whole was built of local stone and the massive foundations of the center block strongly suggest that it had two stories. Mosaics in the corridor were laid by workmen of the Corinian School. The corridor front was approached by a heavily metaled road which expanded into a turning area. A courtyard on this front was used for domestic purposes and contained a small formal garden.


D. R. Wilson, “Roman Britain,” JRS 58 (1968) 198P; H. S. Gracie, “Frocester Court Roman Villa,” Trans. Bristol & Glos. Arch. Soc. 89 (1971) 15-86PI.


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