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GAUJAC Locality of Saint-Vincent, Gard, France.

The excavations conducted at the oppidum since 1963 have led to the identification of four periods of occupation. The oldest goes back to the second half of the 5th c. B.C., and does not seem to have lasted beyond the 4th c. The second period begins at the end of the 2d c. B.C. and lasts until the end of the 1st c. Then the settlement was Romanized. It was abandoned at the end of the 1st c. A.D., but was partially reoccupied at the end of the 4th c. under the impulse of the barbarian invaders. To the first, so-called Celto-Ligurian period belong an altar of ashes (an open area cult site) and some sections of a rampart. Two dumps at the NE and SE ends of the site are of the second, Gallo-Hellenic period. An architectural ensemble, including dwellings and a monumental public square built of quarrystone carefully chipped with a double-pointed hammer, belongs to the 3d period. In the final Early Christian and Christian penod there was a street lined with dry stone-walled huts and a Romanesque chapel.

The finds are deposited at the museum and the archaeological storage depot at Bagnols-sur-Céze (Gard).


BIBLIOGRAPHY

J. Charmasson, Reports of the excavations (1963-69)PI; id. in Gallia 22 (1964); 24 (1966); 27 (1969)I; id., “Les inscriptions gallo-grecques de Gaujac (Gard)” in Cahiers Rhodaniens 12 (1965) 41-52MI; id., “L'oppidum de Saint-Vincent à Gaujac,” in Archéologia (Sept-Oct. 1969) 70-79MPI; id., “Cultes antiques et Monument chrétien de Gaujac,” in L'Ecole Antique de Nîmes (1970)I.

J. CHARMASSON

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