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HULTEHOUSE Moselle, France.

A statio 10 km S of Phalsbourg. Although Roman, it was of the Celtic tradition called the civilization of the summits of the Vosges: many traces of it were left on the W slopes of the Vosges in the beginning of our era.

The people exploited both the high-quality sandstone and the wood of the area, exporting them to regions close by. They lived in clusters of huts usually set up around a quarry or stone-cutting works. Excavation has revealed some bas-reliefs of gods, especially of Mercury and the “rider of the serpent.” The necropoleis contain only ashes placed in urns of glass, terracotta, or sandstone; grave gifts in the men's tombs consisted mainly of hunting weapons (knives, boar-spears, and hatchets), while the women's tombs contain fibulas, usually enameled. Pottery in the tombs consisted of ordinary ware and terra sigillata imported from S Gaul. The pottery and coins show that the summits of the Vosges were occupied from the time of Claudius and Nero to about the end of the 2d c. when disorders in E Gaul apparently cut off the inhabitants from the valleys and ended their civilization.

The museums at Strasbourg, Metz, Saverne and Sarrebourg have archaeological collections.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

A. Fuchs, Die Kultur der keltischen Vogesensiedlungen . . . (1914); E. Linckenheld, Les stèles funéraires en forme de maison chez les Médiomatriques (1927); id., Répertoire archéologique de l'arrondissement de Sarrebourg (1929); M. Lutz, “Considérations sur la civilisation dite ‘des sommets vosgiens’ . . . ,” Annuaire de la Société d'Histoire et d'Archéologie de Lorraine 64 (1964) 25ff.

M. LUTZ

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