(Khirbet Mird) Occupied Jordan.
A fortress ca. 14.4 km NE of Jerusalem built, according to Josephus, by Alexander Jannaeus, and named
after his grandfather John Hyrcanus (III 1.161). It was
conquered by Gabibius, Pompey's general and procurator of Syria (BJ
1.167). Herod conquered the fortress
in 32 B.C. and made it a prison for political offenders;
they were executed here and buried secretly (BJ
St. Saba founded a monastery in 492 and named it
Castellion. A survey has identified a double wall, an
aqueduct, and remains of buildings of the Roman and
F. M. Abel, Géographie de la Palestine
II (1938) 350; M. Avi-Yonah, The Holy Land
73, 101, 156.