settlement, 28 km NW of Eupatoria near the village of
Popovka, was founded in the late 4th c. B.C. by Chersonesus. It was seized by the Scythians in the mid 2d c.
B.C. and ceased to exist in the late 1st c. A.D.
Thus far no remains of fortifications from the Greek
period have been uncovered. In the central part of the
site is a round Scythian fortress-citadel built in the 2d c.
B.C. and consisting of a thick embankment and deep ditch
with an external facing of up to 18 rows of rough stone.
A stone wall, now destroyed, stood atop the rampart.
These fortifications enclosed an area of ca. 130 by 45
m, which was smaller than the original Greek settlement.
By the 1st c. A.D., the settlement had spread outside the
defensive system and had even extended beyond the
boundary of the earlier Greek area. The chief monumental remains excavated are numerous dwellings and
horrea; these are rectangular and built of stone. A number of stone walls and palisades connected and
delineated the various buildings and helped to enclose
several flagstone courtyards. The remains of a Scythian
(nomadic tent) from the 1st c. A.D. were found at
one spot outside the fortress. Two crude stelai uncovered
in the NW part of the site, outside the walls, suggest the
presence of a Scythian cemetery during the last period
of the settlement's history.
O. D. Dashevskaia, “Raskopki Iuzhnogo
Donuzlavskogo gorodishcha v 1960 g.,” Kratkie soobshcheniia Odesskogo universiteta i Odesskogo arkheologicheskogo muzeia v 1960
(1961) 51-58; id., “Raskopki
Iuzhno-Donuzlavskogo gorodishcha v 1961-1962 gg.,”
Kratkie soobshcheniia Odesskogo arkheologicheskogo
muzeia v 1962 g
. (1964) 50-56; id., “Raskopki Iuzhno-Donuzlavskogo gorodishcha v 1963-1965 gg.,” KSIA
(1967) 65-72; id., “Raskopki Iuzhno-Donuzlavskogo
gorodishcha v 1966-1969 gg.,” KSIA
130 (1972) 62-69.
T. S. NOONAN