or JABNEH (Yavneh) Israel.
Philistine town on the NW border of Judea. In the Persian and Early Hellenistic periods it was part of Idumaea
and for some time the seat of the governor of that region
(I Macc. 4:15). In 147 B.C. Jonathan and Simon won a
decisive victory there over a large army led by Gorgias,
but it was John Hyrcanus I who annexed it to the Hasmenaean kingdom (Joseph. AJ 13.324
, but cf. 13.215).
To the Greek writers Jabneh was known as Jamneia
). After the conquest of Palestine by
Pompey in 64 B.C., the town was returned to its former
inhabitants and was rebuilt by Gabinius (Joseph. BJ
). After Herod's accession to the throne the town
was given to him and after his death, to Salome (BJ
2.98). Later it seems to have passed to Agrippa I. Vespasian conquered it and gave it autonomy (BJ
For some time after the destruction of the Temple it
was the seat of the Sanhedrin. An important place also
in Late Roman and Byzantine times, Eusebius (Onom
106.22ff) knew it only as a small town. It figures both
on the Peutinger Table
(4th c.), and on the Madaba Map
(6th c.) and was the seat of a bishop.
According to Pliny (HN 5.14
) there were two sites
named Jamneia: one inland and the other on the coast.
The first is identified with the village of Yibnah (today
Yavneh), and the other with Minet Rubin to the W of
it on the coast. There have been no archaeological researches at either site, save for trial digs at the coastal
town, where the mound of the earlier periods was
M. Avi-Yonah, The Holy Land from
the Persian to the Arab Conquests (536 B.C. to A.D.
640). A Historical Geography (1966)