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JIDAVA (Cîmpulung-Muscel) Romania.

The strongest Roman camp of the limes Transalutanus; its ancient name is unknown. It is in the part of the city called Pescăreasa. Built of stone, this camp guarded the access to Valachia through the Bran-Rîşnov (Cumidava) pass. The citadel is quadrilateral and covers an area of 98.65 by 132.25 m. It has four gates and square towers at the corners and the curtains. The wall, 1.8 m wide, is preserved to a height of 2 m. Inside the wall were found a praetorium, a horreum, bath establishments, and dwellings for soldiers. The excavations identified four dwelling areas (2d-3d c.) and determined that the camp was destroyed under Gordian III—Philip the Arab, at the time when the Romans lost all the limes Transalutanus. Recent excavations have yielded Roman pottery of the first half of the 3d c. Many bricks and tiles show writing exercises and signatures of several soldiers, thus revealing the composition of the garrison (legionary and auxiliary detachments). Chance discoveries of Roman coins of the 2d-4th c. were made in the civil settlement next to the Roman camp.

The finds from the excavations are preserved in a museum constructed on the site and in museums at Piteşti, Cîmpulung-Muscel, and Bucharest.


CIL III, 12531-32; AnÉpigr (1959) 336. L. F. de Marsigli, Description du Danube (1744) II, 69; D. Tudor, “Castrele romane de la Jidava lîngă Cîmpulung-Muscel,” Bucureştii 2 (1936) 89-117; id. “Ştiri noi despre castrul Jidava,” BMMN 4 (1940-41) 98-101; id., “Arme şi diferite obiecte din castrul Jidava,” BCMI 37 (1944) 77-82; id., Oltenia romană (3d ed., 1968) 293-96; E. & E. Popescu, “Castrul roman de la Jidava—Cîmpulung (Observaţii preliminare),” Studii şi comunicări Muzeul Piteşti 1 (1968) 69-79; TIR, L.35 (1969) 57.


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