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KALLIPOLIS (Gallipoli) Apulia, Italy.

A city on the Gulf of Taranto, 48 km from the Japigio Promontory. Considered by the ancients to be of Greek origin (Mela 2.4), it was founded by the Lakedaimonian Leukippos, perhaps with the assistance of the Tarentines, for whom it became an important port (Dion. 19.3). According to Pliny (HN 3.100) its Messapian name would have been Anxa, but certainly the ancient city must have occupied the site of modern Gallipoli. In the Roman period it had municipal regulation and was perhaps ascribed to the tribus Fabia (CIL IX, 7-9). Archaeological finds are in the Museo Civico.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

W. Smith, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, I (1856) 481 (E. H. Bunbury); E. De Ruggiero, Dizionario epigrafico di antichità romane, II (1895) 38; J. Bérard, La colonisation grecque de l'Italie méridionale et de la Sicile (1941) 188

F. G. LO PORTO

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