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KANDYBA (Gendeve) Lycia, Turkey.

On a mountain top a two-hour walk W of Kasaba. The foundation was attributed in ancient times to a fictitious eponymous hero Kandybos, whose father Deucalion is represented on a coin of Kandyba of the reign of Gordian III. The antiquity of the city is, however, proved by two epitaphs in the Lycian language found on the site. Kandyba (in the corrupted form Kondyka) is ascribed by Ptolemy to the Milyas, though it lies well outside the limits of that region as defined by Strabo (631). Pliny (HN 5.101) mentions “Kandyba, where the woodland Eunias is highly spoken of.” Coins are very rare; two specimens only seem to be known at present, both of the time of Gordian III. Later, the bishop of Kandyba ranked twenty-second of those in Lycia.

The site is now severely denuded and its monuments broken or dilapidated. The acropolis, to which an ancient road leads, is long and narrow, and enclosed by a ring wall of mediaeval construction; in the interior Spratt believed he saw the ruins of a church. Otherwise the site has nothing to show beyond a number of Lycian tombs of house type, originally handsome but now much damaged, and some Lycian sarcophagi. A hollow in the hillside is suggestive of a theater, but of this there are no visible remains.


T.A.B. Spratt & E. Forbes, Travels in Lycia (1847) 90-95; TAM II.3 (1940) 277; L. Robert in Hellenica 10 (1955) 219-22.


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