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KINDYA (Siğirtmaç) Turkey.

Town in Caria 20 km SW of Milâs. It was of some importance in the 5th c., when it paid one talent in the Delian Confederacy, but later, apparently in the 3d c., was absorbed into Bargylia. Herodotos (5.118) mentions a Pixodaros, son of Mausolos of Kindya, presumably an ancestor of the Hekatomnids. Strabo (658) speaks of it as no longer existing. The city was chiefly notable for its principal deity, Artemis Kindyas, whose temple was believed to be immune from rainfall; she later became a chief deity of Bargylia.

The ruins are on a steep hill above the village. The city wall enclosed an area some 450 by 200 m, but large stretches of it are now destroyed. On the crest is a citadel ca. 120 m long in dry rubble masonry, with a gate at the NW end and a smaller fortification at the SE end. Traces of ancient buildings extend some distance down the SW slope. Surface pottery includes sherds of 4th c. date, but nothing recognizably later.

The site of the temple has been determined by inscriptions and architectural fragments at a spot near the village of Kemikler some 2 km to the NE, but virtually nothing is now to be seen above ground.


W. R. Paton & J. Myres,JHS 16 (1896) 196; A. & T. Akarca, Milâs (1954) 165-66; G. E. Bean & J. M. Cook,BSA 52 (1957) 97-99; G. E. Bean, Turkey beyond the Maeander (1971) 82-83.


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