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KORMASA (Egneş) Turkey.

City in Pisidia 36 km SW of Burdur. Captured, with much booty, by Manlius on his march in 189 B.C. (Polyb. 21.36, cf. Livy 38.15; Polybios gives the name as Kyrmasa). The city is mentioned also by Ptolemy (5.5.5) and is shown on the Peutinger Table between Themisonion and Perge. It seems never to have struck coins. The site is determined by an inscription in the neighboring village of Boğaziçi (SEG XIX, 777).

The ruins consist of great quantities of uncut building stones, a few cut blocks, and abundant sherds of Roman date; these extend for 1.5 km, but almost all the better stones have been removed to the surrounding villages. The town was apparently never fortified. The necropolis lies on the slopes above and covers a wide area. Just above the plain is a rock-cut chamber tomb, and higher up is a second, together with numerous rock-cut sarcophagi. On the slope between is a group of 20 or more stone circles from 5 to 8 m in diameter, now mostly consisting of a single course of stones; in at least one place, however, there is evidence of three or more courses, and a large ornamented pediment block 1.72 m wide indicates that the buildings must originally have been quite substantial. Nothing similar is found elsewhere in this region, but there seems no reason to suppose that these grave circles are of any great antiquity.


L. Duchesne, BCH 3 (1879) 480f; G. E. Bean,AnatSt 9 (1959) 91-97.


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