One of the chief towns
of the region in the archaic period, joining with Chalkis
in the 8th c. B.C. to found Cumae in Italy. There was a
tendency in later times, when the Euboian city was overshadowed by Chalkis, to confuse it with the far more
important Aeolian Kyme in Asia Minor. The location of
the archaic city is not certain, but it is presumably to
be found on the E slope of Mt. Dirphys near the E
coast town of Koumi. No ancient remains other than
inscriptions have been found at the modern town; the
ancient acropolis was probably on the height of Palaiokastri at Potamia, now marked by a mediaeval fortress.
Bursian reported 4th and 3d c. B.C. graves NE of Koumi;
a small temple has been excavated at Oxylithos not far
to the S.
C. Bursian, Geographie von Griechenland
(1872) II 427; G. A. Papavasiliou in Praktika
117; A. Philippson-Kirsten,GL
(1950-59) I 618; L.
Sackett et al. in BSA
61 (1966) 76.
M. H. MC ALLISTER