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LEGIO later MAXIMIANOPOLIS (el-Lajjun) Israel.

A site in the Valley of Jezreel, called Kefar Otnay in the Jewish sources, in which Legio IV Ferrata camped after the Bar Kohbah revolt (Ptol. 5.15.3). Eusebius gives the name as Campus Maximus Legionis (Onom. 110.21). When the legion left in the time of Diocletian, the town was renamed Maximianopolis, in honor of the emperor's friend Maximianus Herculius (Onom. 14.21 and later sources). In the Byzantine period Legio was the seat of a bishop.

A rectangular altar dedicated by an officer of the legion in the time of Elagabalus has been discovered. On two sides of it Roman legionary eagles with wreaths in their beaks, stand on thunderbolts; the other sides have dedicatory inscriptions.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

F. M. Abel, Géographie de la Palestine II (1938) 175, 201; M. Avi-Yonah, The Holy Land (1966) 122-23, 141, 171.

A. NEGEV

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