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LENZBURG Aarau, Switzerland.

Vicus about 8 km E of Aarau, whose ancient name is unknown. The settlement arose at an intersection in the military road system around the legionary camp of Vindonissa, ca. 13 km to the NE. Lenzburg was a collecting center for produce from farms run by the army, and flourished from the time of Tiberius until the incursions of the Alamanni, ca. A.D. 259-60.

A military lookout during the 1st c. A.D. and a road post are attested by legionary stamped tiles and military bronzes. The settlement developed along a highway 6 m wide for at least 400 m. The predominant type of house is familiar: rectangular with the narrow side (ca. 12 m) on the road, with or without a portico. They combined shops, workshops, and living quarters and were at first built of timber and earth on a stone foundation. A large building (19 x 11 m) with two gateways may have been an army storehouse. A stone theater (restored) without a stage building seated 4-5000 persons (cavea 74 m wide; area 2750 sq. m). Parts of the 1st and 2d c. cemetery along the highway leading E have also been explored. Finds are in the Heimatmuseum in Lenzburg.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

F. Staehelin, Die Schweiz in römischer Zeit (3d ed. 1948) 616 with bibl.; V. von Goazenbach, BonnJbb 163 (1963) 113-14; H. Wiedeiner & T. Toinasevič, “Die Ausgrabungen in der römischen Siedlung auf dein Lindfeld bei Lenzburg,” Jber. Gesell. Pro Vindonissa (1964) 51-60PI; (1967) 63-82PI; Wiedemer, “Das römische Theater auf dem Lindfeld bei Lenzburg,” ibid. (1966) 32-50PI; summaries: Jb. Schweiz. Gesell. f. Urgeschichte 41 (1951) 112-13; 43 (1953) 94-96; 54 (1968-69) 91, 93; 56 (1971) 220.

V. VON GONZENBACH

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