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LLANDOVERY Carmarthenshire, Wales.

The Roman fort occupies an important strategic position overlooking the valley of the Towy but close to the headwaters of the Usk. It lies at the junction of roads from Carmarthen to Castell Collen and from Becon Gaer to Llanio. It probably covers an area of ca. 2.4 ha, though its exact size is uncertain.

Excavation revealed four main phases. The first, apparently destroyed by fire, was of earth and timber, and may be pre-Flavian. The second phase probably dates to ca. A.D. 75, and had clay defenses laid on a base of brushwood. Not earlier than ca. A.D. 105 a stone wall was added, and some internal buildings (probably those of the central range) were rebuilt in stone. Later the fort was reduced in area, probably to a fortlet in the NW corner of the original area. Nothing indicates occupation later than ca. A.D. 160. Cremation burials have been noted to the E, and a bath house (or a mansio) W of the fort was destroyed in the 18th c.


V. E. Nash-Williams, The Roman Frontier in Wales (2d ed. by M. G. Jarrett 1969) 95-96MPI.


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