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MARTINHOE Lynton, N. Devonshire, England.

A 1st c. fortlet on the edge of the 210 m cliffs, commanding an extensive view of the Bristol Channel coasts. The double earthwork, much reduced by ploughing and erosion, is of concentric plan similar to that at Old Burrow and undoubtedly the work of the same army group. The inner enclosure, 27 m square, was designed for semipermanent occupation by a detachment of 65-80 men, a century.

The garrison was housed in a pair of timber barracks on either side of a metaled road leading in from the gate. Each barrack had five contubernia facing the rampart for the men and two rooms for their officer, and there were three additional rooms with a separate entrance at the end of the W barrack for the centurion in charge of the unit. Cooking was done in eight small field ovens in the intervallum. There was also a smith's workshop in a separate building with a forge and anvil stone. Remains of a signal beacon are on the cliff edge in the outer enclosure. The fortlet was occupied during the reign of Nero (A.D. 54-68), probably succeeding Old Burrow because it was a more habitable site. Its purpose was similar, to maintain a watch on the Roman flank during the wars with the Silures in S Wales, and to signal to the fleet in the Channel. The finds are at the Athenaeum, Barnstaple.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

A. Fox & W. Ravenhill, Antiquity 39 (1965) 253; id., Proc. Devon Arch. Soc. 24 (1966) 3.

A. FOX

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