Lynton, N. Devonshire, England.
A 1st c. fortlet on the edge of the 210 m cliffs, commanding an extensive view of the Bristol Channel coasts.
The double earthwork, much reduced by ploughing and
erosion, is of concentric plan similar to that at Old
Burrow and undoubtedly the work of the same army
group. The inner enclosure, 27 m square, was designed
for semipermanent occupation by a detachment of 65-80 men, a century.
The garrison was housed in a pair of timber barracks
on either side of a metaled road leading in from the
gate. Each barrack had five contubernia facing the rampart for the men and two rooms for their officer, and
there were three additional rooms with a separate entrance at the end of the W barrack for the centurion
in charge of the unit. Cooking was done in eight small
field ovens in the intervallum. There was also a smith's
workshop in a separate building with a forge and anvil
stone. Remains of a signal beacon are on the cliff edge
in the outer enclosure. The fortlet was occupied during
the reign of Nero (A.D. 54-68), probably succeeding Old
Burrow because it was a more habitable site. Its purpose was similar, to maintain a watch on the Roman
flank during the wars with the Silures in S Wales, and
to signal to the fleet in the Channel. The finds are at the
A. Fox & W. Ravenhill, Antiquity
(1965) 253; id., Proc. Devon Arch. Soc
. 24 (1966) 3.