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MELITENE (Eski Malatya) Cappadocia, Turkey.

Chief town of the strategia of the same name, formerly part of a Seleucid satrapy, annexed to the kingdom by Ariarathes III. In A.D. 70 Legio XII Fulminata was stationed permanently on this sector of limes (Joseph. BJ 7.1.3-18: Not. Dig. or. 38.14). In A.D. 114 Trajan gave it the rank of city. Under Justinian the walls, which survive, were built. No trace of a Hellenistic/Roman town or fortress has yet been found although Procopius (De aed., 3.4.15-20) implies they were on the same site.

R. P. HARPER

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