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MESAD HASHAVIAHU Israel.

A fortress of the end of the Iron Age, ca. 1.6 m to the N of Jabneh, close to the Mediterranean coast. The site, the ancient name of which is not known, was excavated in 1960. It is L-shaped and extends over an area of 1.5 ha. Among the outstanding finds are a long letter in Hebrew written by a wronged peasant to the commander of the fortress, and some Greek pottery decorated in the Middle Wild Goat style of the late 7th c. B.C. From this pottery it is assumed that Greek mercenaries were stationed here. The destruction of the fortress is ascribed to the campaign of Pharaoh Necho in 609 B.C.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

J. Naveh, IEJ 10 (1960) 129-39; 12 (1962) 27-32.

A. NEGEV

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